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Difficult terms

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dhimmis
A person of a non-Muslim religion whose right to practice that religion is protected (jews, christians)
eid al-fitr
end of Ramadan feast, literally, breaking of the fast
qiblah
the direction toward Mecca; the direction toward which Muslims pray
shahadah
the Muslim declaration of belief in the oneness of God (tawhid) and acceptance of Muhammad as God's prophet
shari'ah
Islamic code of law that includes rules for all aspects of life
shaykh
a teacher and master in Islam, such as the leader of an order in Sufism
tafsir
exegesis of the Quran. Elucidation, explanation, interpretation, and commentary carried out in order to understand the Quran and its commandments. Muhammad is the most authoritative interpreter of the Quran.