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A person of a non-Muslim religion whose right to practice that religion is protected (jews, christians)

eid al-fitr

end of Ramadan feast, literally, breaking of the fast


the direction toward Mecca; the direction toward which Muslims pray


the Muslim declaration of belief in the oneness of God (tawhid) and acceptance of Muhammad as God's prophet


Islamic code of law that includes rules for all aspects of life


a teacher and master in Islam, such as the leader of an order in Sufism


exegesis of the Quran. Elucidation, explanation, interpretation, and commentary carried out in order to understand the Quran and its commandments. Muhammad is the most authoritative interpreter of the Quran.

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