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299 terms

fj

fj
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abandon
a : to give up to the control or influence of another person or agent b : to give up with the intent of never again claiming a right or interest in <abandon property>
abase
to lower in rank, office, prestige, or esteem
abash
to destroy the self-possession or self-confidence of
aberration
the fact or an instance of being aberrant especially from a moral standard or normal state
abhor
to regard with extreme repugnance
abject
: sunk to or existing in a low state or condition
abjure
a : to renounce upon oath b : to reject solemnly
absolutist
a : a political theory that absolute power should be vested in one or more rulers b : government by an absolute ruler or authority
abstain
to refrain deliberately and often with an effort of self-denial from an action or practic
abstemious
marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or alcohol; also : reflecting such restraint
abstract
a : disassociated from any specific instance <an abstract entity> b : difficult to understand : abstruse <abstract problems> c : insufficiently factual
abstruse
: difficult to comprehend
accessible
capable of being reached
accident
a : an unforeseen and unplanned event or circumstance b : lack of intention or necessity
acclaimed
to declare by acclamation
acclimated
to adapt to a new temperature, altitude, climate, environment, or situation
accommodates
to make fit, suitable, or congruous
accomplishments
: the act of accomplishing
acquiesce
to accept, comply, or submit tacitly or passively
acrid
sharp and harsh or unpleasantly pungent in taste or odor
actualize
: to make actual
acuity
: keenness of perception
acumen
keenness and depth of perception, discernment, or discrimination especially in practical matters
adage
a saying often in metaphorical form that embodies a common observation
adamant
a stone (as a diamond) formerly believed to be of impenetrable hardness
adept
: a highly skilled or well-trained individual
adherents
one that adheres: as a : a follower of a leader, party, or profession b : a believer in or advocate especially of a particular idea or church
admirable
deserving the highest esteem
admit
a : to allow scope for : permit <admits no possibility of misunderstanding> b : to concede as true or valid <admitted making a mistake>
admonition
gentle or friendly reproof
adopted
to take by choice into a relationship; especially : to take voluntarily (a child of other parents) as one's own child
adroit
having or showing skill, cleverness, or resourcefulness in handling situations <an adroit leader> <adroit maneuvers>
adulation
excessive or slavish admiration or flattery
advances
to accelerate the growth or progress of <advance a cause>
adversity
a state, condition, or instance of serious or continued difficulty or adverse fortune
advocate
one that pleads the cause of another; specifically : one that pleads the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court
aesthetic
of, relating to, or dealing with aesthetics or the beautiful
affable
being pleasant and at ease in talking to others
affected
: given to or marked by affectation
affliiations
...
affluent
flowing in abundance
aggressive
a : tending toward or exhibiting aggression <aggressive behavior> b : marked by combative readiness <an aggressive fighter>
agile
marked by ready ability to move with quick easy grace
agitation
a obsolete : to give motion to b : to move with an irregular, rapid, or violent action
agnostic
a person who holds the view that any ultimate reality (as God) is unknown and probably unknowable; broadly
agrarian
of or relating to fields or lands or their tenure
agriculturalists
: the science, art, or practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock and in varying degrees the preparation and marketing of the resulting products
alacrity
promptness in response : cheerful readiness <accepted the invitation with alacrity>
alchemy
: a medieval chemical science and speculative philosophy aiming to achieve the transmutation of the base metals into gold, the discovery of a universal cure for disease
allege
to adduce or bring forward as a source or authority
alleviate
to make (as suffering) more bearable <her sympathy alleviated his distress> b : to partially remove or correct
allure
to entice by charm or attraction
allusion
an implied or indirect reference especially in literature; also : the use of such references
aloofness
removed or distant either physically or emotionally
altercation
a noisy heated angry dispute; also : noisy controversy
altered
to make different without changing into something else
altruism
unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others
amalgam
an alloy of mercury with another metal that is solid or liquid at room temperature according to the proportion of mercury present and is used especially in making tooth cements
amateurs
one who engages in a pursuit, study, science, or sport as a pastime rather than as a profession
ambidextrous
using both hands with equal ease
ambiguous
doubtful or uncertain especially from obscurity or indistinctness
ambivalent
simultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings (as attraction and repulsion) toward an object, person, or action
ameliorating
to make better or more tolerable
amenities
a : the quality of being pleasant or agreeable b (1) : the attractiveness and value of real estate or of a residential structure
amiable
a : generally agreeable <an amiable comedy> b : being friendly, sociable, and congenial
amicable
implies a state of peace and a desire on the part of the parties not to quarrel
amorphous
a) having no definite form : shapeless <an amorphous cloud mass> b : being without definite character or nature
ample
generous or more than adequate in size, scope, or capacity <there was room for an ample garden>
anachronism
an error in chronology; especially : a chronological misplacing of persons, events, objects, or customs in regard to each other
analogy
inference that if two or more things agree with one another in some respects they will probably agree in others
analyzing
to study or determine the nature and relationship of the parts of by analysis
anarchy
a : absence of government b : a state of lawlessness or political disorder due to the absence of governmental authority
ancillary
subordinate, subsidiary <the main factory and its ancillary plant
anecdote
a usually short narrative of an interesting, amusing, or biographical incident
anemic
: lacking force, vitality, or spirit <an anemic rendition of the song> <anemic efforts at enforcement> b : lacking interest or savor
animosity
ill will or resentment tending toward active hostility : an antagonistic attitude
anomaly
deviation from the common rule
anonymity
state of being annoymous, unknown, not named
antagonism
opposition of a conflicting force, tendency, or principle
anthology
a collection of selected literary pieces or passages or works of art or music
anthropocentrism
: considering human beings as the most significant entity of the universe
anthropology
the science of human beings; especially : the study of human beings and their ancestors through time and space and in relation to physical character, environmental+social relations
anticipate
to give advance thought, discussion, or treatment to
antipodes
the parts of the earth diametrically opposite —usually used in plural —often used of Australia and New Zealand as contrasted to the western hemisphere
antiquated
outmoded or discredited by reason of age : being out of style or fashion
apathy
lack of feeling or emotion
aplomb
complete and confident composure or self-assurance
apolitical
having no interest or involvement in political affairs
apologetic
: offered in defense or vindication <the apologetic writings of the early Christians> b : offered by way of excuse or apology <an apologetic smile>
apologist
one who speaks or writes in defense of someone or something
apparition
an unusual or unexpected sight : phenomenon b : a ghostly figure
apportionment
: to divide and share out according to a plan; especially : to make a proportionate division or distribution of
apprehend
: to become aware of : perceive b : to anticipate especially with anxiety, dread, or fear
approbation
an act of approving formally or officially
apt
unusually fitted or qualified
arable
fit for or used for the growing of crops
arbiter
a person with power to decide a dispute
arboreal
of, relating to, or resembling a tree
arcane
known or knowable only to the initiate
archaic
having the characteristics of the language of the past and surviving chiefly in specialized uses <an archaic word>
archetypes
the original pattern or model of which all things of the same type are representations or copies
archipelago
an expanse of water with many scattered islands
ardor
an often restless or transitory warmth of feeling <the sudden ardors of youth> b : extreme vigor or energy
arduous
hard to accomplish or achieve : difficult <years of arduous training> b : marked by great labor or effort : strenuous <a life of arduous toil — A. C. Cole>
arid
: excessively dry; specifically : having insufficient rainfall to support agriculture
aroma
a) distinctive pervasive and usually pleasant or savory smell; broadly : odor b) the odor of a wine imparted by the grapes from which it is made
arrangement
the state of being arranged : order <everything in neat arrangement> b : the act of arranging <the arrangement of the details was quickly accomplished>
arrest
to bring to a stop <sickness arrested his activities> b : check, slow c : to make inactive <an arrested tumor>
artful
performed with or showing art or skill <an artful performance on the violin>
articulate
a : divided into syllables or words meaningfully arranged : intelligible b : able to speak c : expressing oneself readily, clearly, or effectively <an articulate teacher>;
artifice
a : clever or artful skill : ingenuity <believing that characters had to be created from within rather than with artifice — Garson Kanin> b : an ingenious device or expedient
ascertain
to make certain, exact, or precise
ascetic
practicing strict self-denial as a measure of personal and especially spiritual discipline
aspersion
a sprinkling with water especially in religious ceremonies
aspiring
to seek to attain or accomplish a particular goal <aspired to a career in medicine>
assault
a : a violent physical or verbal attack b : a military attack usually involving direct combat with enemy forces c : a concerted effort (as to reach a goal or defeat an adversary)
assent
to agree to something especially after thoughtful consideration
assertion
asserting oneself or one's own rights, claims, or opinions
assiduous
marked by careful unremitting attention or persistent application <an assiduous book collector> <tended her garden with assiduous attention>
assimilated
to take in and utilize as nourishment : absorb into the system b : to take into the mind and thoroughly comprehend
associated
to join as a partner, friend, or companion
assuage
to lessen the intensity of (something that pains or distresses) : ease <unable to assuage their grief>
assured
characterized by certainty or security : guaranteed <an assured market>
astute
: having or showing shrewdness and perspicacity <an astute observer> <astute remarks>
atlas
: a Titan who for his part in the Titans' revolt against the gods is forced by Zeus to support the heavens on his shoulders, one who buries a heavy burden
atrocity
extremely wicked, brutal, or cruel
atrophy
: decrease in size or wasting away of a body part or tissue; also : arrested development or loss of a part or organ incidental to the normal development or life of an animal or plant
atypical
not typical
audacity
bold or arrogant disregard of normal restraints
augment
to make greater, more numerous, larger, or more intense <the impact of the report was augmented by its timing>
augurs
1 : an official diviner of ancient Rome, one held to foretell events by omen
aura
a : a subtle sensory stimulus (as an aroma) b : a distinctive atmosphere surrounding a given source <the place had an aura of mystery>
auspicious
affording a favorable auspice : propitious <made an auspicious beginning>
austere
stern and cold in appearance or manner b : somber, grave <an austere critic>
autocrats
a person (as a monarch) ruling with unlimited authority
autonomy
the quality or state of being self-governing; especially : the right of self-government
avant-garde
an intelligentsia that develops new or experimental concepts especially in the arts
avaricious
greedy of gain : excessively acquisitive especially in seeking to hoard riches
averse
having an active feeling of repugnance or distaste —usually used with to <averse to strenuous exercise>
aversion
the act of turning away
averts
to turn away or aside (as the eyes) in avoidance
avid
desirous to the point of greed : urgently eager : greedy <avid for publicity>
avoiding
to make legally void : annul <avoid a plea>
avuncular
of or relating to an uncle
backfire
a fire started to check an advancing fire by clearing an area, to have the reverse of the desired or expected effect
bafflement
to defeat or check (as a person) by confusing or puzzling : disconcert
banal
lacking originality, freshness, or novelty : trite
bane
a obsolete : killer, slayer b : poison c : death, destruction <stop the way of those that seek my bane — Philip Sidney> d : woe
banter
to speak to or address in a witty and teasing manner
baroque
of, relating to, or having the characteristics of a style of artistic expression prevalent especially in the 17th century
barrage
a dam placed in a watercourse to increase the depth of water or to divert it into a channel for navigation or irrigation
barren
devoid, lacking —used with of <barren of excitement>
barter
to trade by exchanging one commodity for another
beguiled
to lead by deception
belated
delayed beyond the usual time
belied
a : to give a false impression of b : to present an appearance not in agreement with
belittled
to speak slightingly of : disparage <belittles her efforts>
bellicose
favoring or inclined to start quarrels or wars
belligerent
waging war; specifically : recognized as a state at war and protected by and subject to the laws of war,inclined to or exhibiting assertiveness, hostility, or combativeness
bemoan
to express deep grief or distress over
bemusement
to make confused : puzzle, bewilder
benefactor
one that confers a benefit; especially : one that makes a gift or bequest
beneficial
conferring benefits : conducive to personal or social well-being
beneficiary
one that benefits from something
benevolent
a : marked by or disposed to doing good <a benevolent donor> b : organized for the purpose of doing good <a benevolent society>
benign
: of a gentle disposition : gracious <a benign teacher>
bent
unenclosed grassland
bequeath
to give or leave by will —used especially of personal property, hand down
berate
to scold or condemn vehemently and at length
bereavement
the state or fact of being bereaved; especially : the loss of a loved one by death
bereft
deprived or robbed of the possession or use of something —usually used with of <both players are instantly bereft of their poise
beseeching
to beg for urgently or anxiously
bewilder
: to perplex or confuse especially by a complexity, variety, or multitude of objects or considerations
bifurcations
to cause to divide into two branches or parts
bilked
to block the free development of : frustrate <fate bilks their hopes>
bipartisan
of, relating to, or involving members of two parties ; specifically : marked by or involving cooperation, agreement, and compromise between two major political parties
blandished
to act or speak in a flattering or coaxing manner
blasphemous
impiously irreverent
blather
to talk foolishly at length —often used with on
blended
: mix; especially : to combine or associate so that the separate constituents or the line of demarcation cannot be distinguished
blight
a disease or injury of plants marked by the formation of lesions, withering, and death of parts (as leaves and tubers) b : an organism (as an insect or a fungus) that causes blight
bolster
to support, to boost
bombast
pretentious inflated speech or writing
boorishness
resembling or befitting a boor (as in crude insensitivity)
bourgeois
of, relating to, or characteristic of the townsman or of the social middle class
brazen
made of brass, a : sounding harsh and loud like struck brass b : of the color of polished brass
brevity
shortness of duration; especially : shortness or conciseness of expression
brooded
a : to sit on or incubate (eggs) b : to produce by or as if by incubation : hatch, b) to think anxiously
brusqueness
markedly short and abrupt
bucolic
a : relating to or typical of rural life b : idyllic
bully
: a blustering browbeating person; especially : one habitually cruel to others who are weaker b : pimp
bungling
to act or work clumsily and awkwardly
buoyant
: having buoyancy: as a : capable of floating b : cheerful, gay c : capable of maintaining a satisfactorily high level <a buoyant economy>
bureaucratization
: government characterized by specialization of functions, adherence to fixed rules, and a hierarchy of authority
burnished
to make shiny or lustrous especially by rubbing b : polish
buttress
to furnish or shore up with a buttress; also : support, strengthen <arguments buttressed by solid facts>
byzantine
of, relating to, or characteristic of the ancient city of Byzantium
cacophony
harsh or discordant sound : dissonance 2; specifically : harshness in the sound of words or phrases
cadences
a : a rhythmic sequence or flow of sounds in language b : the beat, time, or measure of rhythmical motion or activity
cajole
: to persuade with flattery or gentle urging especially in the face of reluctance
calamity
a state of deep distress or misery caused by major misfortune or loss
calibrated
: to determine, rectify, or mark the graduations of (as a thermometer tube)
callous
a : being hardened and thickened b : having calluses <callous hands>
callow
: lacking adult sophistication
calumny
a misrepresentation intended to harm another's reputation
camaraderie
a spirit of friendly good-fellowship
cancellation
the act or an instance of canceling
candid
free from bias, prejudice, or malice : fair <a candid observer>
cantankerous
difficult or irritating to deal with <a cantankerous mule>
capacious
containing or capable of containing a great deal
capricious
...
careful
filling with care or solicitude
carp
to find fault or complain querulously
castigate
to subject to severe punishment, reproof, or criticism
casting
the act of one that casts: as a : the throwing of a fishing line by means of a rod and reel b : the assignment of parts and duties to actors or performers
cataclysmic
a momentous and violent event marked by overwhelming upheaval and demolition; broadly : an event that brings great changes
catalyst
a substance that enables a chemical reaction to proceed at a usually faster rate or under different conditions (as at a lower temperature) than otherwise possible
catastrophic
the final event of the dramatic action especially of a tragedy
cathartic
of, relating to, or producing
caustic
: capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action
celebrated
widely known and often referred t
celebrity
a famous or celebrated person
censorious
marked by or given to censure
censure
a judgment involving condemnation
census
a count of the population and a property evaluation in early Rome
cerebral
of or relating to the brain or the intellect b : of, relating to, affecting, or being the cerebrum
challenged
presented with difficulties
charismatic
of, relating to, or constituting charisma or charism
charlatan
one making usually showy pretenses to knowledge or ability
chauvinist
: excessive or blind patriotism
check
exposure of a chess king to an attack from which he must be protected or moved to safety
chicanery
deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry
chided
to speak out in angry or displeased rebuke
chortle
to sing or chant exultantly
chronicle
an historical account of events arranged in order of time usually without analysis or interpretation
churlish
of, resembling, or characteristic of a churl
circadian
being, having, characterized by, or occurring in approximately 24-hour periods or cycles
circuitous
having a circular or winding course
circumlocutions
the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an idea
circumscribe
: to constrict the range or activity of definitely and clearly
circumspect
careful to consider all circumstances and possible consequences
circumvented
a : to hem in b : to make a circuit around
civility
training in the humanities
clairvoyant
: having clairvoyance : able to see beyond the range of ordinary perception
clamor
a : noisy shouting b : a loud continuous noise
clandestine
marked by, held in, or conducted with secrecy
clientele
a body of clients
cloying
disgusting or distasteful by reason of excess <cloying sweetness>; also : excessively sweet or sentimental
coagulation
to cause to become viscous or thickened into a coherent mass
coddled
: to cook (as eggs) in liquid slowly and gently just below the boiling point
coercive
serving or intended to coerce
cogent
having power to compel or constrain
cognition
cognitive mental processes; also : a product of these processes
coherent
logically or aesthetically ordered or integrated
cohesive
exhibiting or producing cohesion or coherence
collaborative
to work jointly with others or together especially in an intellectual endeavor
colloquial
of or relating to conversation
colossus
a statue of gigantic size and proportions
commemorates
to call to remembrance
commendation
a : an act of commending b : something (as a formal citation) that commends
commit
a : to put into charge or trust : entrust b : to place in a prison or mental institution c : to consign or record for preservatio
commodity
an economic good: as a : a product of agriculture or mining b : an article of commerce especially when delivered for shipment
comparison
the act or process of comparing: as a : the representing of one thing or person as similar to or like anothe
compelled
to drive or urge forcefully or irresistibly
compendious
marked by brief expression of a comprehensive matter : concise and comprehensive
compensate
to be equivalent to
complacent
marked by complacenc
complicit
having complicity
composed
free from agitation
compound
: to put together (parts) so as to form a whole
comprehensive
covering completely or broadly
compulsive
having power to compel
compunction
: anxiety arising from awareness of guilt
conceit
a result of mental activity
concession
a : the act or an instance of conceding b : the admitting of a point claimed in argument
conciliatory
to gain (as goodwill) by pleasing acts
concise
marked by brevity of expression or statement : free from all elaboration and superfluous detail
conclude
obsolete : to shut up
concord
a state of agreement
concur
to act together to a common end or single effect
condemning
to declare to be reprehensible, wrong, or evil usually after weighing evidence and without reservation
condescension
voluntary descent from one's rank or dignity in relations with an inferior
condone
voluntary descent from one's rank or dignity in relations with an inferior
conducive
tending to promote or assist
confer
to bestow from or as if from a position of superiority
confidant
one to whom secrets are entrusted
confidentiality
marked by intimacy or willingness to confide
confirmed
a : marked by long continuance and likely to persist <a confirmed habit> b : fixed in habit and unlikely to change
conflagration
a large disastrous fire
conflated
to bring together
confound
to bring to ruin
congenial
having the same nature, disposition, or tastes
conglomeration
the act of conglomerating : the state of being conglomerated
congregate
to collect into a group or crowd
congruous
a : being in agreement, harmony, or correspondence b : conforming to the circumstances or requirements of a situation
conjecture
interpretation of omens
conjoins
to join together (as separate entities) for a common purpose
conjure
to charge or entreat earnestly or solemnly
connections
the act of connecting : the state of being connected: