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Nutrition Quiz 2 Part 1
Terms in this set (30)
A cell with a short lifespan
Gut (5 days)
A cell with a long lifespan
Liver (8-16 months)
Genes are found in the
Nucleus of the cell
What do genes do?
Genes instruct the body on how to produce proteins and structural components of cells.
What does the cardiovascular system do?
Transport nutrients, oxygen, and hormones through the body
What part of the blood would you you use to check nutrient levels
What two parts of the central nervous system are important for the regulation of appetite?
Does digestion ever stop?
No. It speeds up while sleeping and slows while exercising.
What clots the blood, and what blood cells are used by the immune system?
Platelets, white cells
Main ingestion site for digestion
What is the purpose of villi and microvilli in the intestine
Increases absorptive capacity
Name two places where glucose is stored in the body. What is the storage form of glucose in a human called?
Muscles & Liver - Glycogen
How many kilocalories per gram does alcohol have?
Where is glycogen stored in the body? How long do these stores last if you do not eat?
Located in muscle and liver and stores can be depleted in less than 1 day
Why are blood glucose levels so tightly controlled in the body?
To prevent hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)
Explain the process of how a high fiber diet can reduce cholesterol levels.
Fiber carries cholesterol out of the digestive tract
What is the human's storage form of glucose called?
Name 3 diseases which you would be at reduced risk for if you consume a high-fiber diet over the long term.
Heart disease, Diabetes, & Bowel disease
What is a plant's storage form of glucose called?
Name two benefits of wine.
High antioxidant content & Blood thinner
What do the kidneys do?
Filter the blood, Cleanse wastes, Regulate blood pressure
What part of the immune system lies right in the vicinity of where the small and large intestines come together?
Name the glandular organ which is vital to the control of blood glucose levels. What two hormones does it use as signaling molecules? Name one other gland in the body.
The Pancreas. Glucagon and Insulin. Thyroid gland
Explain the difference between normal inflammation and chronic inflammation.
During a normal inflammation there is an Increased white blood cells, redness, heat, pain, swelling. Chronic inflammation happens when white blood cells begin attacking the body's organs.
Name all the major parts of the gastrointestinal (GI) system (you should have at least 9 parts).
Explain the difference between mechanical and chemical digestion. Use multiple examples of each.
Chemical digestion happens due to Hydrochloric acid and salivary glands
Mechanical digestion happens due to Chewing and Peristalsis
Bile is produced in the liver, but then is stored in the _______________, which regulates how much is released during digestion of foods with fat in them.
Most digestion is completed between ___ and ___ hours. What part of the digestive tract transit is the slowest?
1-2 hours in the stomach, 7-8 in the small intestine, and 12-14 in the colon.
Where is protein stored? Where is fat stored?
Protein is not stored. Fat is stored in fat cells called "adipocytes"
It is known that moderate drinking may have some health benefits. What constitutes moderate drinking for males and females?
1 drink a day for women & 2 drinks a day for men
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Nutrition Quiz Part 2
Nutrition Quiz 3 Part 1
Nutrition Quiz 3 Part 2
Nutrition Quiz 4 Part 1
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