Terms in this set (92)
mise en scene
also known as staging. The overall look and feel of a movie. The sum of everything the audience sees, hears, and experiences while viewing it
Tow major components of mise en scene
design and compsition
the process by which the look of the setting, props, lighting, actors is determined. Set design, decor, prop selection, lighiting set up costume, makeup, and hair all play a role in shaping overall design
The organization, distribution, and balance and general relationship of stationary objects and figures as well as of light, shade line, and color within the frame
what is mise en scene a product of
detailed planning of each shot
vision or visionary
when directors base their movies on dream or mystical visions
What do genres have
specific mis en scene
what should a movie's design be?
appropriate to the narrative
What does design do?
Help express vision, create a convincing sense of times, spaces and moods, suggest a characters state of mind and relate to developing themes
what should a movie's design also be?
transparent, capable of transmitting light, so that the audience can clearly see the actors, settings, objects and so on within each setting.
The production designer
Departments that a production designer must supervise
costume design and construction
set construction and decoration
The person responsible for transforming the production designer's vision into reality on the screen, assessing the staging requirements for a production and arranging for and supervising the work of members of the art department
When did production designer become a thing?
what do director and production designer control?
Everything we see within the image
Who started out as an art director?
What are the most important elements of design?
1) setting decor and properties
3) Costume, makeup, hair
A person in charge of the countless details that go into furnishing and decorating a set
shooting in an actual interior or exterior location away from the studio
the color and textures of the interior decoration, furniture, draperies, and curtains of a set
props. Objects used to enhance a movie's mise en scene b providing physical tokens of narrative information
First spectacullar sets to be specifically constructed for a film
Giovanni Pastrones Cabiria then imitated in DW Griffith's Intolerance-which featured the first colossal outdoor sets constructed in Hollywood
a windowless, soundproofed,professional shooting environment that is usually several stories high and can cover an acre or more of floor space
What does lighting do?
calls attention to shapes and textures though shadows it may mask or conceal things
the use of deep gradations and subtle variations of light and darks within an image
small but signifigant role played by someone famous
Why can actors avoid getting typecast now
the design team can change their look
what governs design of costume?
setting costumes contributes and suggest character traits
the clothing worn by an actor in a movie, sometimes called wardrobe, a term that also designates the department in a studio in which clothing is made and stored
What can define and differentiate characters with costume
style, fit, condition, patterns, and colour of clothing
When did hollywood really start to pay attention to costume?
When was award for costume design invented?
What two categories does makeup fall under?
traditional materials and digital methods
full range of face and body cosmetics familiar to consumers - include prosthetics etc
effects for altering appearance
a person responsible for using makeup to enhance or alter an actor's appearance
In golden hollywood days what was their take on hair and makeup
similiar to current time so as not to ruin actor and actresses beauty and appeal-1930s they didn't care about historical accuracy--the hollywood beauty queen wig was used
who is responsible for continuity
Video assist camera
a tiny device mounted in the viewing system of a film camera that enables script supervisors to view a scene on a video monitor and thus compare its details with those in sourrounding scenes to ensure visual continuity before the film is sent to the lab
Two fundamental styles of design
realistic and fantastic- two styles pioneered by Lumiere brothers
Who pioneered non fiction film?
Who pioneered fiction film?
Who invented a variety of cinematic effects?
Georges Melies- first art director in film history
What happened after 1917 Russion revolution?
constructivists and futurists reshaped the entire concept of cinema. What it is, how it is shot, how it is edited and how it looks
What were great Russian Filmakers of the 1920s influenced by?
1) Non fiction film with its documentary look
2) a highly dynamic style of editing
What were russian films like
cinematic design and political propoganda involving "social realism" combined realistic shots with editing
What did russian filmmakers experiment with?
Looks influenced by contemporary art
What happened in german cinema after world war 1?
Goal of Expressionism?
To give objective exspression to subjective human feelings and emotions by using objective design elements such as colour, structure, or texture.
What else did expressionism aim to do?
heighten reality by relying on non objective elements like symbols, stereotyped characters and stylaization
What did expressionism give rise to?
a new approach to composition, set design, and directing
Where were expressionist films usually shot
in a studio where colour and style elements could be manipulated
What else did the germans develop while expressionism was evolving?
a realist cinema-FW Murnau's the last laugh
What did realist cinema do?
Changed the way shots were framed, actors blocked and sets built.--Moving and subjective camera
What happened around 1930
Lots of foreigners came to hollywood
Most british films looked very similar to hollywood films except...
ones directed by Alfred Hitchcock and and Vincent Korda
Unique about hitchcock's films?
Unique about Korda?
What developed during world war two
What did italian neorealism do?
used non professional actors, hand help cameras and location sets established a new realism
what do most film styles strive for?
seamless integration of studio and natural setting
a significant thing, person animal or object that moves on the screen
what two decisions must filmmakers make about composition?
Framing and Kineses
the process by which the cinematographer determines what will appear within the borders of the moving image during a shot
the aspect of composition that takes into account everything that moves on the screen
Why is composition important?
It helps ensure aesthetic Unity and harmony of the movie as well as guide our looking/how we read image and how we interpret characters relationships to each other
border between what the filmmaker wants us to see and everything else
a movement of the camera that adjusts or alters the composition or POV of a shot
the result of dynamic functions of the frame around the motion picture image, which can contain moving action but also can move and thus change view point
What does framing imply?
the position from which the film presents the action of the story; not only the relation of the narrators to the story, but also the camera's act of seeing and hearing;two types are omniscient and restricted
coming from single character (subjective) or no one in particular (omnicient)
On a camera the little window that the cameraperson looks through when taking a picture; the view finders frame indicates the boudaries of the camera's POV
What indicated boudaries of camera's POV
cinematic space that exists outside the frame
on screen space
cinematic space that exists inside the frame
What does the camera being dynamic make us aware of
moth OS and off screen stuff
What has power
off screen space- longer the screen remains empty the greater the tension between os and on screen space and greater the focus on Off screen space
devided off screen space into six parts
two ways of designing and representing the visible world through framing it as well as two ways of perceiving and interpreting it-film theorist leo Braudy
What must framing in open/closed films do?
keep the system of framing consistent throughout the film
A frame around a motion picture image that theoretically characters and objects can enter and leave
an approach to framing a shot that implies that neither characters or objects may enter or leave the frame rendering them hemmed in an refrained
When do directors choose closed frame?
When their characters are controlled by outside forced and do not have freedom to come and go as they wish.
In closed frame what frequently drives the story?
What is a closed movie?
When do we perceive movement?
1) the movement of objects and characters within the frame 2) the apparent movement of the frame itself
what often determines the kinetic quality of a movie?
anything concrete within the frame
Ways characters and figures can move in the frame
1) across, foreground to background, from on and off screen
the actual physical relationships among figures and settings and the process during rehersal of establishing those settings
Essential to consider when blocking?
How figures move within space to tell a story as well as how they are placed in relation to each other