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Politics of the United States
Government Test 4 or 5...idk THE LAST ONE!!!
Mr. Porter Stuff
Terms in this set (14)
Marbury V. Madison
The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the U.S. Constitution. The decision established the Court's power of judicial review over acts of Congress, in this case the Judiciary Act of 1789 Jefferson wanted to stop election of previous pres. (Adams?) electors.
McCulloch V. Maryland
1819, Controversy about taxing bank.. Important: IMPLIED POWERS: NECESSARY AND PROPER CLAUSE. EXPANSIVE AUTORITY OF CONGRESS 1819
Dread Scott (Scott V. Sandford)
United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state. Supreme Court declared slaves property. Nullified Missouri Compromise, everything to slave state, precipitated the civil war 1857
Plessy V. Ferguson
Louisiana Separate but Equal. 14th Amendment required equal public facilities but not equal access to them. Legalized Segregation. 1896
Brown V. Board of Education
PRIVATE SCHOOLS! Supreme court case which led to the eventual desegregation of schools in 1954.
Gideon V. Wainright
eventually only to person sentenced to more than 6 months defendants have the right to a state-appointed lawyer 6th amendment 1963
Miranda V. Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police. 1966
Bush V. Gore
a United States Supreme Court case heard on December 11, 2000. In a per curiam opinion, by a vote of 7-2, the Court held that the Florida Supreme Court's scheme for recounting ballots was unconstitutional, and by a vote of 5-4, the Court held that no alternative scheme could be established within the time limits established by Florida Legislature.. The per curiam opinion was argued on the basis of Equal Protection.
Tinker V. Des Moines School District
freedom of speech in schools. 1st amendment. Kids wore black armbands to symbolize opposition to vietnam war. 1969
United States V. Nixon
Supreme Court Said Nixon had to give tapes because not above law. Still a citizen 1974
Supreme Court Justices?
John Paul Stevens- Ford Clarence Thomas- H.W. Bush Ruth Bader Ginsburg- Clinton Stephen G. Breyer- Clinton Samuel A. Alito Jr.- George W. Bush
Guilty, Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity, Not Guilty. No Contest (nolo contedere) indirectly admits guilt
Bench and Jury Trial
When a defendant is accused of a felony. Judge more likely to find guilty
any wrongful act other than a breach of contract, for which the injured party has the right to sue for damages in a civil court. Damage cause to property, or injury by negligence----------------wronged party can seek punitive damages or more money as punishment.-----Insignificant before Industrial revolution. Late 1800s all railroads. Courts hesistated to award damages bc they didnt want to hurt business enterprises. By late 1900s state y fed issued safety regs. Intentional tort is a deliberate or joke. Negligence from careless or reckless behavior. Leaving a sharp knife when children can reach it.
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