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the caste system of Hinduism; Brahmans (priests and educated), Kshatriyas (warriors and government leaders), Vaisyas (common people; merchants, artisans, farmers), Sudras (unskilled workers and slaves), and the Pariahs (conquered people considered impure, untouchables.)
the most honored Maurya emperor and Chandragupta's grandson (built hospitals, shrines, edicts.)
reformer that spread teachings across Asia that eventually became the core beliefs of Buddhism
a city in western Saudi Arabia, the birthplace of the prophet Muhammad, and the most holy city for Islamic people
one of the Five Pillars of Faith (islam) and is the pilgrimage to Mecca that all Muslims are expected to make at least once in their lifetime
chieftan that imposed strict military discipline and demanded absolute loyalty. He also led the Mongols out of Central Asia across southwest Asia.
the grandson of Genghis Khan who toppled the last song emperor in 1279 and ruled all of China along with Korea and Tibet
an important adviser from Venice. He wrote a book about his visit to China which caused European in the far east.
thinker and teacher who developed a philosophy that dealt with worldly ideas and put filial piety above all other duties
an independent state that has to acknowledge the supremacy of another state and pay tribute to its ruler
was a Chinese dynasty from 960 to 1279 that was known for its artistic achievements and also improved trade
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