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Law Enforcement as a Profession
Terms in this set (30)
Men were first assembled into groups for protection against _____________ and the elements.
The original "____________" stood at the entrance of a cave.
Laws in the United States were taken from the ___________.
Common Laws of England
Old English Law, a loud outcry was sounded when felons were being pursued
Hue and Cry
A _______ was a civil division (district) within a hundred (precinct) in England.
Shire + Reeve
Early patrolman were known as "______"
Watchmen sounded the __________
Hue and Cry
The "father" of modern policing
Sir Robert Peele
Who is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime?
Law Enforcement Officer
Vested with all the power and authority that originally belonged to the office of the ______.
Police Officers have no authority in _________. However, a police officer of a county, city, or town may execute and serve an ___________.
Order of Temporary Detention
United States District Court
United States Circuit Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
United States Supreme Court
The Executive and Judicial branches are _______.
Major Goals of CJ system
Protect life and property, Crime Prevention, Apprehension of Offenders, Impartial enforcement of laws, and equal justice
The Officer's primary function and goal is:
Protection of Life and Property
Officer's ______________ and work methods (ie "broken windows" theory, Intel based policing, and community policing) will help in the prevention of crim.
Attitude and Knowledge
Law enforcement should be:
The Statesman or Stateswoman
True professions have ________________ that must be met.
True _______________________ seek up to date training in knowledge, skills, and abilities
___________________ impact career development.
Resources and Material for knowledge improvement:
Code of Virginia
Videos of incidents
Line up training
Street survival seminars
Attorney General Opinions
Purpose of Line Up training
Exchange of information between shifts
___________________ toward Law Enforcement may develop from the actions of one Officer.
_______________________ is the ability to make of perceive distinctions; perceptions; discernment; showing of partiality or prejudice in treatment.
Protection against unreasonable search and seizure
Consequences of bias based policing
Civil liabilities involving the receipt of federal funds that support law enforcement programs.
Police can be sued
Criminal penalties will apply to LEO's action that is a criminal offense
Loss of community trust, less info flow, less desirable environment for citizens and officers
Positive consequences of Impartial Law Enforcement
Community Trust and Support
Good information flow
Desirable environment for citizens and officers
Positive aspects of the Use of Discretion
Courts couldn't handle the load
Public would not tolerate such repressive action by police
Fosters public support for police
Eliminates otherwise law abiding citizens from being processed by the CJ system
Frees officers to seek more serious lawbreakers
Negative aspects of discretion
Changes what was intended by legislative body when the law was passed
Causes confusion if tolerances are not the same in adjoining jurisdictions
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