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President of the United States at the beginning of the Civil War; was inaugurated after seven states had already seced
General Winfield Scott
commander of the army that expressed the common sentiment that the South should be allowed to part
area of southern Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois where an antislavery war would have been very unpopular
term that describes the Civil War because each region sent people to fight for the other side; for example two brothers could be fighting on opposite sides against each other
General Robert E. Lee
important military leader of the Confederate Army who was actually offered the command of the Northern armies by Lincoln but turned him down when his home state of Virginia seceded
Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson
Lee's chief lieutenant who was a gifted tactical theorist and master of speed and deception
shortage of cotton in Britain about 1 1/2 years after the blockades began that cost many Britons their means
The incident in which a Union warship stopped a British steamer and removed two Confederate diplomats
A ship built by the British. Not originally built to be a war ship but in 1862 the confederates gave it a crew and weapons. It captured over sixty union vessels before it accepted a challenge from a union cruiser in 1864 off the coast of France.
French viceroy who takes over Mexico during Civil War due to fact that America cannot enforce monroe doctrine
The legal protection that prohibits the imprisonment of a subject without demonstrated cause.
men who paid a three hundred dollar fine or hired someone to fight in their place in the draft
Morrill Tariff Act
This was an act passed by Congress in 1861 to meet the cost of the war. It raised the taxes on shipping from 5 to 10 percent however later needed to increase to meet the demanding cost of the war. This was just one the new taxes being passed to meet the demanding costs of the war. Although they were still low to today's standers they still raked in millions of dollars.
Name for Union paper money not backed by gold or silver. Value would fluctuate depending on status of the war (plural)
group of people that rushed to Pennsylvania when petroleum was discovered there in 1859
battle where Lincoln's armies sought an easy victory at Manassas Junction but were defeated by Stonewall's armies
issued by Lincoln that freed the slaves in the Confederacy, but not in the Border states; really didnt do anything because the slaves were out of Lincoln's jurisdiction
an ambiguity (especially one in the text of a law or contract) that makes it possible to evade a difficulty or obligation
(law) the hearing and determination of a dispute by an impartial referee agreed to by both parties (often used to settle disputes between labor and management)
based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice
wooden US warship that was plated with iron railroads and had its name changed to the Virginia
battle in Maryland won by the Union won only because Lee's plans were found; Lincoln used the victory to deliver his Emancipation Proclamation
the effective Northern effort to strangle the Southern economy and de-throne "King Cotton"
ironclad warships tha were kept out of Confederate hards by Minister Adams's stern protests to the British government
provision established by Congress in 1863, after volunteers ran out, that provoked violent protest in Northern cities
slippery northern men who collected fees for enlisting in the Union army and then deserted
medical occupation that gained new status and employment oppurtunities because of women's Civil War service
National Banking system
financial arrangement set up by the federal government to sell government bonds and stabilize the currency
scornful term for Northern manufacturers who made quick fortunes out of selling cheaply made shoes and other inadequate goods to the U.S. Army
U.S. Sanitary Commission
organization developed to provide medical supplies and assistance to Union armies in the field
Charles Francis Adams
American envoy whose shrewd diplomacy helped keep Britain neutral during the Civil War
A Man Without A Country
Edward Everett Hale's story of treason and banishment inspired by the wartime banishing of Copperhead Clement Vallandigham
the temporary 1864 colition of Republicans and War Democrats that backed Lincoln's re-election
romantic name given to the Southern fight for independence, indicating nobility despite defeat
Salmon P. Chase
Ambitious secretary of the treasury who wanted to replace Lincoln as president in 1864
notorious copperhead convicted of treason whoe ran for governor of Ohio while exiled to Canada
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