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20 terms

Architectural History 2

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Churrigueresque
popular baroque style in Spain in the 18th century, named after the family, elaborate sculptural architectural ornament which emerged as a manner of stucco decoration and was used up to about 1750, marked by extreme, expressive and florid decorative detailing, normally found above the entrance on the main facade of a building.
clearstorey
the upper part of a basilica, the wall above the arcade containing windows
cloister
a courtyard surrounded by an open arcade
coffer
sunk panels in a ceiling or vault
composite
a classical order combining Corinthian and Ionic
console
a corbel in the form of a scroll
corbel
a stone bracket
Corinthian
a classical order characterized by its acanthusleaf capital
cornice
the top projecting section of a classical entablature; by extension, a continuous projection along the top of a building
crocket
a medieval ornament consisting of a spur-like projection
crossing
the space where the four arms of a cruciform church meet
decorated
a phase of English Gothic, c. 1280-1350, characterized by curvilinear tracery, elaborate ornamental sculpture and vaulting, and refinement of stonecutting techniques.
diaphragm arch
masonry arch spanning an interior space of which the roof is wood
Doric
one of the orders of Greek architecture, marked by a plain moulded capital and the absence of a base. In Roman a base is added
Early English
A phase of English Gothic, c. 1170-1280
east end
Term conventionally used for the altar end of a church, even when the church is orientated differently
egg-and-dart
classical ornament in which these two motifs alternate
elevation
a representation of the vertical dimension of a building
entablature
in classical architecture, the horizontal layer (composed of architrave, frieze and cornice) above the columns. A Doric includes metopes and triglyphs
entasis
the slight swelling in the middle and narrowing towards the top of a classical column, most noticeable in Doric