20 terms

THE THIRTEEN COLONIES

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Puritans
group of English Protestants who settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony
cash crops
crop sold for money at market
plantation
an estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale
triangular trade
colonial trade route between New England, the West Indies, and Africa
indentured servant
person who agrees to work for a period of time in exchange for passage to the amercas
import
goods brought into a country
export
goods sent to market outside a country
economy
wealth and resources of a country or region
colony
a group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere; the 13 British colonies formed what is now the United States of America
democracy
government by the people
slave
a person who is owned by another person and works without pay; in the 13 colonies, most came from Africa
debtor
a person who owes money
representative government
Power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts of representatives elected by the people.
government
an authoritative system of rule or control
Mayflower Compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
House of Burgesses
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legistlative acts.
William Penn
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
John Smith
English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia
The Calvert Family
started Maryland to provide a safe place, refuge for Catholics and to make a profit.
James Oglethorpe
founded Georgia as a place for debtors to work off their debt; did not believe in slavery
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