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Behavioral Science Terms
Terms in this set (17)
various parts of the brain removed to see behavioral consequences, also known as ablation
a system of thought in psychology that studied how mental processes help individuals adapt to their environment
Phrenology, one could measure psychological attributes by feeling or measuring the skull.
extirpation to discover the consequences
functionalism - mental processes helps adapt to environment
study organism as whole rather than discrete parts
Examined behavioral deficits of people with brain damage
Herman von Helmholtz
first to measure speed of nerve impulse
Sir Charles Sherrington
first inferred the existence of synapses
Sensory neurons (a.k.a afferent neurons)
Transmit sensory information from receptors to the spinal cord and brain
Motor neurons (a.k.a efferent neurons)
transmit motor information from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and glands
found between other neurons; brain & spinal cord
most numerous of the three types
linked to reflexive behavior
use the ability of interneurons in the spinal cord to relay information to the source of stimuli while simultaneously routing it to the brain
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
all sensory and motor neurons not connected to the brain or spinal cord that connect the central nervous system to the rest of the body
Somatic Nervous System (SNS)
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls the body's skeletal muscles
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)
A subdivision of the peripheral nervous system. Controls involuntary activity of visceral muscles and internal organs and glands.
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