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What is 1 + 3?
an outline of the plot of a story, contains; exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution
background information presented in a literary work
point of view
who's telling the story, first or third person
only knows some information
anyone or thing that goes against the protagonist
changes, usually round
no change, usually flat
a realistic character that has many different character traits; fully developed; three-dimensional.
a character that, having only one or two traits, is easily described and one-dimensional (like a cardboard figure).
the writer tells us directly what a character's personality is like
the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others
who, what when, how, why
events before climax, events leading up to the climax
the point of greatest interest or intensity to the story
turning point at which the opposing forces have a decisive confrontation from which they cannot escape their fates.
most exciting moment of the story; turning point
events after the climax, leading to the resolution
when reality is different from appearance; the implied meaning of a statement is the opposite of its literal or obvious meaning, contrast between expectation and reality
character says one thing and means another
readers know more than characters
contents of the exposition
point of view, characterization, conflict
contents of rising action
all actions that lead up to the climax
contents of falling action
all actions following the climax
contents of resolution
theme, parrellism, irony
types of points of view
two type; limited and omnicient
types of characterization
two types; direct and indirect
types of conflict
five; man versus: self, man, nature, society, and supernatural
types of irony
three types; situational, verbal, dramatic