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Terms in this set (54)

-POLITICAL REVOLUTIONS: the French Revolution spurred great interest into societal problems of social order; the negative consequences of political revolution and the effect on social order; chaos
-INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND THE RISE OF CAPITALISM: the interrelated events that brought Western society from mainly agricultural to industrial; the shift of rural populations to urban spaces and the problems it caused (overcrowding, disease); introduction of the factory system (lack of regulations); development of bureaucracy
-FEMINISM: the work of many women in sociology influenced movements against slavery, political rights for the middle class, women's suffrage and industrial and civic reform legislation
-URBANIZATION: how did new urban life differ from rural; how did communities, cities, and spaces organize; how do we address the problems created by cities
-RELIGIOUS CHANGE: early sociologists were active in religion; it was founded on the principle of studying social life and how this knowledge could be used to improve the lives of people
-THE GROWTH OF SCIENCE: using the scientific method to study society; deductive methods
-INTELLECTUAL FORCES: the Enlightenment or the interest in producing grand, general, and very abstract systems of ideas that made rational sense; rationality; early theorists wanted to overcome irrational systems through science and empirical research; theorists tended to emphasize social order and tradition, imagination, and emotionalism and religion as useful and necessary components of sicial life