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MPCS 10 History Ch.25 &26

STUDY
PLAY
The Chartist movement pressed for what?
Pressed for other groups to vote (suffrage), annual parlimentary election, and have more rights
The only country to allow women to vote before 1900 was who?
New Zealand
The outbreak of the Civil War was a direct result of what?
The shot at Fort Sumter
What did not improve as a result of the Industrial Revolution?
Living and working conditions
Americans used the term "manifest destiny" to justify what?
The idea that the US had the right and duty to rule North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean
An entrepreneur is a type of what?
businessman- a person who organizes manages and takes risks in business
Before the passage of the Reform Bill of 1812, the percentage of the British population that had voting rights was about how much?
5%
Being blockaded during the War of 1812 encouraged what country to use its own resources to develop independent industries?
US
By the late 1700, the best place to find a water frame and a spinning mule was?
England textile mills (factories)- making thread
Canada received the right to control its own domestic affairs when it did what?
Upper and lower Canada reunites, British immigration should be encouraged
In 1836, Texas fought for its independence from what country?
Mexico
In the 1700s, the process of enclosure tended to increase what?
crop yields
In the 19th century, collective bargaining was carried out between who?
workers and employers
In the 19th century, industrilization had the what effect on th egap between industrialized and non-industrialized countries?
It mad the gap bigger
How did the crop rotation system that developed in Brtain during the agricultural revolution increase crop yields?
It gave the soil more time for nutrients to get in it and grow more crops
In the Gadsden Purchase, the US purchased land from who?
Mexico
In the US, the Industrial Revolution began with the industrialization of what?
textile industry
Most Protestants opposed the idea of home rule in where?
Ireland - Did not want to be the minority
Nineteenth- century socialists argued that government should do what?
Plan the economy
Queen Victoria was forced to do what?
accept a less powerful role for the monarchy
The Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829 affected the right of Roman Catholics who lived in what country?
Ireland
The first country to give full voting rights to women was who?
New Zealand
The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars did what to the process of industrialization in Europe?
halted trade, interrupted communication, caused inflation
The Great Famine was a time of widespread starvation in Ireland caused by the destruction of what crop?
Potato
The progroms that took place in Russia were fueled by what group?
anti-Jew group (anti-semitic)
The reform Bill of 1832 lowered the property requirements for voting in order to give voting rights to who?
well to do men in the middle class
The term "manifest destiny" describes?
The idea that the US had the right and the duty to rule North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean
The Trial of Tears was the forced westward migration of the Cherokee from Ga to where?
Oklahoma
Under the Meiji rulers, what country began to industrialize?
Japan
Utilitarianism held that government policies should promote what?
The greatest good for the greatest number of people
What is a type of business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts?
corporation
What country led Europe in adopting the industrial technology of Britain?
Belgium
What improved as an early result of the Industrial Revolution?
daily life, life expectancy, working conditions, healthier diets, better housing
What increased as an early result of the Industrial Revolution?
wealth, consumer goods, tax revenues, educational opportunites
What is karl Marx most closely associated with?
Socialism - Marxism
What parts of the following present - day states were included in th eterritory ceded by Mexico as a result of the Mexican-American War?
California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado
What was th efirst area to undergo major industrialization?
England
What were results of the agricultural revolution in Britain?
It lead to the industrial revolution
When the trade union movement began in Britain, the stike was illegal action taken against who?
employers
Where did the British originally set up a penal colony?
Australia
Who are the Maori?
Polynesian people who had settled in New Zealand
Who believed that human actions were often unconscious reations to experiences and could be changed by training?
Ivan Pavlov
Who created psychoanalysis, based on th eidea that the unconsious mind has a powerful influence on behavior?
Sigmund Freud
Who defended the free market system of capitalism in the book, The Wealth of Nations?
Adam Smith
Who developed the germ theory of disease along with discovering and naming bacteria?
Loius Pasteur
Who developed the theory of evolution?
Charles Darwin
Who helped to invent the first airplane?
Wilbur and Orville Wright
Who invented the first practical electric light bulb?
Thomas Edison
Who invented the first radio?
Guglielmo Marconi
Who made use of the assembly line to make his factory highly efficient?
Henry Ford
Who participated in identifying and naming radioactivity?
Marie Curie
Who started a well staffed research laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersy?
Edison
Who invented the telephone?
Alexander Graham Bell
Who was a pioneer in the field of making motion pictures?
Edison
Who was Alfred Dreyfus?
Jewish officer in the French Army, accused of selling military secrets to Germany
Who won the nobel Prizes for both Physics and Chemistry?
Marie Curie
Who wrote the controversial book On the Ortgin of Species by Means of Natural Selection?
Darwin