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relationships that improve our individual lives by giving us social connections to solve common problems
this is not a tenet:
policy-making is an elite business, staffed by the powerful and highly educated
making money an issue in politics
All of the following are positive aspects of interest groups' political activity EXCEPT:
Children from working class families are __________ to have been socialized to participate in interest groups.
Political action committees
separate entities formed by interest groups whose specific goal is to raise and spend money to influence election outcomes
In elections, PAC funding shapes electoral outcomes by tending to favor this type of candidate
interaction of mutual interests involving interest groups, government officials, and members of Congress
What year included the supreme court decision of Citizens United v. Federal election Commission, which drastically altered the political landscape by allowing corporate and union election financing?
an organization of ideologically similar people that nominates and elects its members to office
access to gun ownership
Which of the following issues is the central focus of the National Rifle Association?
What year saw the supreme court ban southern states from formally excluding African Americans from primary voting
women, minorities, and students
which groups are more warmly received by political parties today than in the past
differences on ideological and policy issues
media attention on political parties tend to highlight their:
country and local party
With respect to real political power, which of these groups is/are the most important component(s) of a party organization?
Term used by political scientists to describe a shift in party allegiances or electoral support
Which founding father, as founder of the Anti-Federalists, instigated the process of direct communication with voters?
During the era of political machines, party leaders used _______ as a device to reward political supporters
over the last several decades, political scientists have agreed that the power of political parties has:
lack of viable alternative
What factor do scholars identify as supportive of the current two-party system?
locally selected delegates
decides which candidate receives the national party nomination in U.S. presidential primaries
since 2007, has included Super Tuesday, day which ,most presidential primary elections take place
50 percent plus 1
what percentage of votes must a candidate receive in a primary election to avoid a runoff election
In a referendum, voters in a state can vote for or against a measure proposed by whom?
state's voting system came under enormous scrutiny because of paper perforations known as chads, in 2000 presidential election
party column ballot
ballot that generally leads to the coat tail effect, where down ballot candidates benefit from the popularity of those listed above them
age, residency, and citizenship
factors that determine eligibility and qualifications for elected office at the state level
which of the following conducts focus groups to determine candidate strengths and weaknesses
Using online donations and other internet-based fundraising strategies, how much money did Barack Obama raise in his 2008 presidential campaign?
Federal Election Campaign Act
Which of these pieces of legislation created the Federal Election Commission, the agency responsible for enforcing federal campaign finance laws?
over 90 percent
percentage of incumbents, or those already holding office, generally win re-election to the House of Representatives and the Senate
Passage of the National Voter Registration Act, or "Motor Voter Act", in 1993 has had a _________ effect on voter registration and turnout.
cell phone video camera
captured shooting and death of Neda-Agha Soltan, who was shot protesting the outcome of the Iranian elections in 2009
was the first media technology to offer people the opportunity to express political views publicly
Early in the nineteenth century, advances in the technology allowed the sale of newspapers for:
Expose of the meat packing industry led to the establishment off the food and drug administration
how many fireside chats or radio addresses to the country Franklin Roosevelt completed during his time as president
the year the Federal Communications Commission repealed the fairness doctrine, which had required stations to provide equal time to all sides regarding public issues and equal access to all candidates for public office
debuted in 2005, enhances civic engagement by allowing citizens to access and post video that includes political content
best describes the evolutionary development of the U.S. media industry ownership over the last several decades
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