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1. Antarctic Treaty
-draft year: 1959
-amendment years: 1959-1961
-international
-enforced by COMNAP
-function: makes sure the Antarctic is used for safe purposes only and will not be involved with international disputes
2. Cairo Conference on Population and Development:
-draft year: 1994
-international
-enforced by the ICPD
-function: to create international access to reproductive healthcare
3. Clean Air Acts
-draft years: 1963,1965,1970,1977,1990
-national
-enforced by EPA
-function: reduce outdoor concentrations of air pollutants that are harmful/reducing production of chemicals that destroys ozone
4. Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation Liability Act
-draft year: 1980
-amendment year: 1986
-national
-enforced by EPA
- function: Created in response to the love canal incident in Buffalo, NY. Creates ability for authority to respond to release of hazardous substances that endanger health/environment. As well, trust fund created to aid clean up.
5. Convention of Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol
-draft year: 1997
-amendment year: 2012
-international
-enforced by IEA
-function: assigned mandatory emission limitations—lowering the amount of fossil fuels used and green house gases in the atmosphere.
Convention of Ozone Depletion and the Montreal Protocol
-draft year: 1989
-amendment years: 1990, 1992, 1997, 1999
-international
-enforced by the Ministry for Economic Development
-function: protect the ozone layer by outlawing substances that are believed to destroy it.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES):
draft year: 1973
- international
- enforced by the IUCN
- function: create a system of laws to control the international trade of endangered
8. Law of the Sea Convention (LOSC):
- draft year: 1983
- international
- enforced by ICJ and NOAA
- function: explains the rights and responsibilities of nations who use the worlds oceans (guidelines for trade and use of the environment)
Declaration of the Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Declaration)
- draft year: 1972
- international
- enforced by EPA
- function: explains how man is in charge of the environment, and therefore the ways in which they must take care of it
Endangered Species Act
- draft year: 1973
- international
- enforced by FWS
- function: protects plants & animals & their habitats so they have the resources needed to survive on their own
Energy Policy Act
- draft year: 1992
- national
- enforced by EPA
-function: energy must be 1) more efficient 2) conserved. Natural gas usage monitored—can't release too much gas
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA)
- draft year: 1938, 1954, 1958
- international
- enforced by FDA
- function: make sure food/drug/cosmetics are safe before advertised or distributed to the public.
Federal Insecticide, Fungide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA):
- draft year: 1947
- amendment years: 1972, 1988, 1996
- national
- enforced by EPA
-function: control pesticide distribution and use
Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA)
- draft year: 1996
- international
- enforced by APA
-function: -sets tough standard for amount of pesticide that can be used in food and the type of ingredients used---keeps food safe for people
Lacey Act
-draft year: 1900
- amendment year: 2000
- national
- enforced by Secretary of the Interior
- function: protects wildlife (prohibits transport of illegally captured animals over state lines)
Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act
- draft year: 1934
- national
- enforced by FDR
- function: -prevents over hunting animals and preserves wetlands
National Wildlife Refuge System Act
- draft year: 1966
-national
-function: guidelines for managing wild life refuges and conservation
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
- draft year: 1969
- national
- enforced by EPA
-function: requires government agencies to consider environmental factors when making important decisions
Rio Earth Summit
- draft year: 1992
- amendment years: 1994, 1995, 1996
- international
- enforced by the UN
- function: keeping the environment clean for future generations
Soil Conservation Act (SCA)
- draft year: 1977
- national
- enforced by SCS—what is created by act
- function: establishing the soil conservation service (deals with soil erosion problems and soil surveys)
Solid Waste Disposal Act:
- draft year: 1965
- amendment year: 1976
- national
- enforced by EPA
- function: meant to address the issue of disposable solid waste in the US
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act:
- draft year: 1977
- amendment years: 1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1987
- national
- enforced by FWS
- function: regulating surface coal mining (setting standards so it wont harm wildlife)
Taylor Grazing Act
- draft year: 1934
- national
- enforced by the US Department of Interior Bureau of land Management
-function: prevents overgrazing and regulates grazing on federal public land
The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA)
- draft year: 1986
- national
- enforced by EPA
- function: allowed planning and notification of chemical emergencies
The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA):
- draft year: 1970
- national
- enforced by US Department of Labor
- Ensures safe working environments for employees
The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA):
- draft year: 1990
- international
- enforced by the EPA
- function: to improve the nations ability to prevent and respond to oil spills (in response to Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska).
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCDA):
- draft year: 1976
- amendment year: 1984
- international
- enforced by EPA
- function: -solid waste program
The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)
- draft year: 1974
- amendment years: 1984, 1996
- international
- enforced by EPA
- function: To set standards for drinking water and ensure its quality.
Toxic Substance Control Act
- draft year: 1976
- international
- enforced by the EPA
- function: regulates the introduction of new or already existing chemicals
U.S Clean Water Act
- draft year: 1977
- amendment years: 1981, 1987
-international
- enforced by the EPA
- function: to establish pollution control programs
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
- draft year: 1968
- national
- function: allows government to preserve selected scenic rivers for recreational use.
Wilderness Act
- draft year: 1964
- national
- function: authorizes the government to protect undeveloped public land (goal to keep wild life land as natural as possible)
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