First Civilizations of Mesopotamia
Terms in this set (20)
people who migrated into Mesopotamia ca. 4000 B.C.E.; created the first civilization within region; organized area into city-states.
A group of ancient city-states in southern Mesopotamia; the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia.
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
2 main rivers of Mesopotamia which fed the fresh water and silt that created the fertile land for the farming that sparked the creation of the first civilizations
a huge mud-brick temple built by the ancient Sumerians
the epic story of the king, Gilgamesh, who searched for immortality. This is a Sumerian legend and is believed to be the first story
a society with cities, a central government, job specialization, religion, writing, and social classes
an ancient wedge-shaped writing used in Mesopotamia and Persia
a person who writes things down
Empire in Mesopotamia which was formed by Hammurabi, the sixth ruler of the invading Amorites
Early group of people who lived in lands between Mesopotamia and Egypt. They developed the religion Judaism.
people located on eastern Mediterranean coast; invented the alphabet which used sounds rather than symbols like cuneiform
An ancient nation of the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Its territory included what are today coastal areas of modern Israel and Lebanon. They were the best traders and sailors. They developed an alphabet that was adapted by Greeks and Romans which we use in writing English today.
ruled Babylonia from about 1792-1750 B.C. and created the 1st written set of rules; also, creator of Babylonian Empire
region of rich farmland in and around the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers of the Middle East where civilizations first arose
A city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit, like an independent country
writing, plow, wheel, irrigation, water wheel, arch, beer, sailboat
Sumerian social hierarchy
highest class: ruling family, leading officers, high priests
middle class--merchants, artisans
lower class--peasant farmers
Sumerians also owned slaves--captured in war or sold to pay off their debts
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
Akkadian who created the first empire of Mesopotamia c. 2300 B.C.
"eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth"
Punish somebody by doing to them what they have done to you as the Old Testament
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