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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Babbling stage
  2. Insight
  3. Two-word stage
  4. Heuristic
  5. Algorithm
  1. a a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem
  2. b a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem
  3. c a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 398)
  4. d Beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements.
  5. e beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a mental image or best example of a category
  2. the science of designing and programming computer systems to do intelligent things and to simulate human thought processes suchs as reasoning and understanding language
  3. all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
  4. the inability to see a problem from a new perspective; an impediment to problem solving
  5. in a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit

5 True/False questions

  1. Wernicke's areacontrols language expression-an aread of the frontal, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech


  2. Morphemein a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit


  3. Grammarin a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others


  4. Mental setA tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past but may or may not be helpful in solving a new problem


  5. Functional fixednessthe tendency to be more confident than correct--to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs and judgments