5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Two-word stage
- Functional fixedness
- Linguistic relativity
- a the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving
- b the inability to see a problem from a new perspective; an impediment to problem solving
- c Beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements.
- d studies of the rules for forming admissible sentences
- e Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think
5 Multiple choice questions
- early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram--'go car'--using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting 'auxiliary' words
- clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
- judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevant information
- The study of meaning in language.
- a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem
5 True/False questions
Cognition → all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
Confirmation bias → a tendency to search for information that confirms one's preconceptions
Heuristic → a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 398)
Phoneme → in a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit
Belief bias → the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid