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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Heuristic
  2. Availability heuristic
  3. Functional fixedness
  4. Insight
  5. Prototype
  1. a a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem
  2. b the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving
  3. c a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 398)
  4. d a mental image or best example of a category
  5. e estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind, we presume such events are common

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. controls language expression-an aread of the frontal, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech
  2. our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning
  3. A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past but may or may not be helpful in solving a new problem
  4. impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to wernicke's area (impairing understanding)
  5. knowing or sensing something without the use of reason; an insight

5 True/False questions

  1. Algorithma methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem

          

  2. Belief biasthe tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid

          

  3. Computer Neural NetworksA tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past but may or may not be helpful in solving a new problem

          

  4. Fixationthe inability to see a problem from a new perspective; an impediment to problem solving

          

  5. Syntaxstudies of the rules for forming admissible sentences