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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Two-word stage
  2. Fixation
  3. Syntax
  4. Functional fixedness
  5. Linguistic relativity
  1. a the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving
  2. b the inability to see a problem from a new perspective; an impediment to problem solving
  3. c Beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements.
  4. d studies of the rules for forming admissible sentences
  5. e Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram--'go car'--using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting 'auxiliary' words
  2. clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
  3. judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevant information
  4. The study of meaning in language.
  5. a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem

5 True/False questions

  1. Cognitionall the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating


  2. Confirmation biasa tendency to search for information that confirms one's preconceptions


  3. Heuristica simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 398)


  4. Phonemein a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit


  5. Belief biasthe tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid