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American History Chapter 9
Terms in this set (39)
______- rebuilding the nation after a war
______ -a pardon
The president said he would pardon all southerners who would do what?
Take an oath of loyalty to the United States
What was the name of the organization that was given the task of feeding and clothing refugees in the south after the war?
What did the Civil Rights Act of 1866 do?
Granted citizenship to all people born in the United States except the Native Americans
Which amendment granted citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States?
Which amendment declared that the right to vote shall not be denied on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude?
What became the center of many African American communities?
What Act passed by Congress outlawed the activities of the KKK?
Which president believed that the role of the president was to carry out the laws and leave the development of policy to Congress?
____ -paying rent for the land they farmed
In 1860 the American population was about how many million people?
In the 1800's what was the number one use of oil?
What were the two reasons that the American population tripled between 1860 and 1910?
1. large families
2. flood of immigrants
____ - let the people do as the choose
He invented the telephone
Alexander Grahm Bell
He invented the light bulb and phonograph
The railroad boom began in 1862 when President Lincoln singed what act??
Pacific Railroad Act
What is it called when the railroad would extend from coast to coast?
What were two railroad companies that were given the job of completing this railroad across the nation?
Union Pacific and Central Pacific
Who were the two groups of immigrants that helped build the railroad?
How many acres of land did the government award railroad companies during the 1850's and 60'?
Who had one of the worst reputations for the practice of inside trading with the railroad?
What scandal did stockholders make contracts with themselves and over charge the railroad for work they did?
Credit Mobilier Act
Which railroad owner was the first to haul goods both directions?
____ - an organization owned by many people but treated by law as though it were a single person
______- the people who own the corporation
______ - where corporations make goods more cheaply because they produce so much
economies of scale
______ - costs the company has even if it's not operating (ex. taxes)
_______ - costs that occur when the company is running (ex. buying goods)
______-agreements to maintain prices at certain levels
What was the process called that Andrew Carnegie used to purify iron?
What is vertical integration?
Where you buy all the businesses on which it takes to produce a product
_____- where a single company gains control over an entire market
By 1900 how many hours a week did the average worker work?
In the 1830's what group of workers did the Trade Unions help?
Name two techniques that businesses used to prevent unions?
1. required workers to sign an oath
2. lockout would occur
What group formed the first nationwide industrial labor union?
Kinghts of Labor
What does AFL stand for?
American Federation of Labor
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