15 terms

US History Vocabulary #4

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Preamble
An introduction to a formal document that explains its purpose
Great Compromise (Connecticut Plan)
Plan discussed at the Constitutional Convention regarding a two-house legislature which settled differences between large and small states concerning representation in Congress.
Three-Fifths Compromise
Five slaves would be counted as three persons (or each person equaled 3/5) for the purposes of representation in the House of Representatives and as a basis for taxation
Electoral College
A body made up of people from each state selected to elect the President and Vice President after the popular vote has been completed in early November.
Bicameral Legislature
A two-house legislature; for example, the Senate and House of Representatives in the Congress of the United States Federal government.
Federalists
Group of people who were in favor of the Constitution and a strong central government
Anti-Federalists
Group of people who were opposed to the Constitution because they feared a strong central government. Wanted a Bill of Rights to be added to the Constitution.
Federalists Papers
A series of essays written between 1787-88 by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison, supporting the adoption of the U.S. Constitution.
Civil Liberties
The freedoms and protections found in the Bill of Rights.
Legislative Branch
The branch of government that makes the laws; it is composed of the two houses of Congress.
Executive Branch
The branch of the federal government, headed by the President, responsible for several things, including enforcing the laws, making treaties, and appointing judges.
Judicial Branch
The branch of government that includes the court system. This branch interprets the law.
Cabinet
Appointed officials who head government departments and act as advisors to the President.
Checks and Balances
A system developed in the US Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check or limit the actions of the other branches.
Ratify/Ratification
To sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
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