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Terms in this set (27)
electrons in the main energy level of highest principal quantum number
for main group (1, 2, 13-18) elements, the number of ____________________ is equal to the group number or the second digit of the group number
electrons with the highest value of n
electron number that is the same as "outer electrons" for main group elements; "outer" plus d electrons for transition elements
Metals; Noble Gas
________ lose valence electrons and form cations, which often have the electronic configuration of the nearest....
Non-Metals; Noble Gas
in ionic compound formation, _____________ gain electrons and form anions. which have the electronic configuration of the nearest _______________________
ions that have the same number of electrons
no unpaired electrons and not affected by a magnetic field
at least one unpaired electron and attracted by a magnetic field
there is no electron pairing in orbitals until each orbital has one electron
in ______________, an electron (or electrons) are in a higher energy level than in the ground state
general trend for atomic size (radius, volume): it increases...
Up, Right, EXCLUDING
general trend for electron affinity and electronegativity: it increases... (_____________ NOBLE GASES)
Up, Right, INCLUDING
general trend for ionization energy: it increases... (____________ NOBLE GASES)
a measure of the tendency of an atom to gain an electron or electrons
a measure of the attraction that an atom has for electrons in a covalent bond
the energy required to remove an electron(s) from an atom
First, Second, and Third Electrons Removed (Ionized)
IE₁, IE₂, and IE₃ stand for...
metals do not form...
nonmetals do not form...
Nearest Noble Gas
main group metals and nonmetals lose or gain electrons to get the configuration of the...
the general trend of like-charge ion size: it increases
increasing atomic size, increasing ____________________, increasing tendency to lose electrons
the general trend of metal character: it increases...
general trend of acidity of oxides: it increases...
general trend of odor of compounds: it increases...
the general trend of strength as a reducing agent and strength reactivity of the metals: it increases...
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