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Terms in this set (22)
What is a glacier?
large sheets of ice
Name of the land bridge the First Americans were able to cross over because the ocean level had dropped due to the glaciers.
This is the strait that today separates Asia and North America. When the Ice Age ended the glaciers melted covering Beringia with water.
Where were the First Americans originally from?
After the Ice Age First Americans built civilizations based on....
The First Americans survived by...
hunting big game.
The size of this empire required runners to carry messages throughout the civilization.
Reasons the first Americans turned to farming
End of the Ice Age in combination with overhunting caused animals like the mammoths to become extinct so the hunters needed to find a new source of food.
Effects from the development of farming for the First Americans
They no longer had to follow their prey so they could set up permanent housing.
They could grow a surplus of food which allowed them time to specialize in other jobs as well as trade their surplus.
They were able to set up civilizations which had government, religion and learning.
Important City of the Incan Empire
Capital of the Aztecs
Capital of the Mayans
Location of the Mayans
Southern Mexico and Guatemala
Location of the Aztecs
Northern and Central Mexico
Location of the Incans
Who ruled the Mayans?
Nobles and Priests
How did Aztecs expand their empire?
By defeating other groups through war
Where did the ruler of the Incans live?
In a golden palace
What was a religious practice for the Aztecs?
War and human sacrifice
The one God in particular the Incans worshipped.
The Sun God
This was unfortunately a common practice for the Aztecs.
Incans forced people to become servants that could not...
pay their taxes.
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