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AP Euro Ch. 11, 12, 13 Test
Terms in this set (54)
shortened growing seasons in Europe- sever weather- famine- cause of major casualties during plague
famine that killed 10 percent of European population
Great Famine of 1315-1317
Why was the famine a reason for high mortality rate in the plague?
Chronic malnutrition (less able to resist infection)
Three forms of plague
Bubonic, pneumonic, septicemic
Most common type of plague- enlarged, inflamed lymph nodes
Second most common form of plague- infected the lungs- slimy sputum and blood
Most rare form of plague- high fever, skin turned deep purple- almost black= Black Death
Common nursery rhyme that comes from Black Plague
Ring Around the Rosie
Effects of the Black Death
- church and nobility lose prestige and power
- kings consolidate power- start of end of feudalism
- wages go up for peasants
- religious fanaticism
- intolerance of Jews
- suspicion of travelers
Who spread the plague from Asia to Europe?
How many people were killed by the plague?
25-50 percent of population
Causes of the 100 Years War
- English king vassal to French
- disputed succession to French crown- Edward III of England
- French attack on English Gascony
Who wrote the Divine Comedy?
Who wrote the Decameron?
Who wrote the Canterbury Tales?
Who wrote the Book of the City of Ladies
Christine de Pizan
most devastating natural disaster in European history
road Mongols traded on
How was the plague spread?
black rats carrying fleas with bacteria- Yersinia pestis
people who whipped themselves as penance during the plague
massacres of Jews in Germany during the plague
Why were the Jews persecuted during the plague?
blamed for poisoning wells
What was art directly after the plague centered on?
art of dying
Who painted the Triumph of Death post plague?
attempt by aristocrats to limit wages to pre-plague level
Statute of Laborers
peasant revolt in France after the plague
Who led the English Peasant Revolt of 1381 after the plague
Wat Tyler (peasant) and John Ball (preacher)
How did the English Peasant Revolt of 1381 end?
King Richard II arrested rebels- eliminated poll tax and pardoned most
most famous revolt in Italy- Florence 1378
- wool workers- won right to form guilds and be represented in government
War between England and France, starting in 1259- dispute over claim to French throne, etc.
Hundred Years' War
What English territory was the center of the Hundred Years War?
dynasty that died out without heir- created problems leading to Hundred Years War
Capetian dynasty (ended with last son of Philip IV)
King of England who made a claim to French throne- cause of Hundred Years War
King Edward III (son of Isabella, daughter of Philip IV of France)
Who did the French nobles choose for the French throne instead of Edward III of England- major cause of Hundred Years War
Philip of Valois (Philip VI)
What kind of bow were the English known for during the 100 Years War?
What kind of bow did the French use against the English in the 100 Years War?
first major battle in 100 Years War- English victory because of archers.
Battle of Crecy
son of Edward III of England- fought with Edward in 100 Years War- ravaged land, burned crops
The Black Prince (Edward)
What French king was captured during the 100 Years War, forcing the French to pay a large ransom and enlarged English territories to get him back?
battle that ended first phase of 100 Years War- ended with Peace of Bretigny
Battle of Poitiers
Agreement at end of first phase of 100 Years War- French ransomed King John, enlarged English territories in Gascony- gave up control of English territories- Edward III renounced claims to French throne
Peace of Bretigny
King of France who recovered the lands lost by the first phase of the 100 Years War
Charles V of France
King of England in 1415 who renewed the Hundred Years War- took advantage of French turmoil and invaded France
Henry V of England
What dukes were competing to control the king of France at the start of the second phase of the 100 Years War?
dukes of Burgundy and Orleans
Weak king of France during beginning of second phase of 100 Years War
Charles VI (NOT THE DAUPHIN)
treaty between Charles VI of France and Henry V of England after Henry reconquered Normandy during the second phase of the Hundred Years War- Henry married Catherine daughter of Charles VI- England became master of northern France
Treaty of Troyes
son of Charles VI of France- inherited situation of war (second phase of 100 Years War)- disinherited by England taking over French crown- couldn't rally the French- restored to throne by Joan of Arc
Charles the Dauphin
Nickname for Joan of Arc
Maid of Orleans
girl who was persuaded by visions to free France during 100 Years War and have dauphin crowned as king- killed by English- martyr
Joan of Arc
money payments substituted for military service- allowed monarchs to hire professional soldiers
What does Renaissance mean?
time of "coming out of the darkness of the Middle Ages and rediscovering Classics, etc."
created modern concept of Renaissance- portrayed Italy as birthplace of modern world- established framework for all modern interpretations of the period- wrote Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy
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