66 terms

Beekeeping

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Royal Jelly
is a substance secreted from glands in a worker bee's head and used as a food to feed brood.
brood
A term that refers to immature bees,in the various stages of development, before they have emerged from their cells (eggs, larva and pupae).
drone
The male honey bee whose main job is to fertilize the queen bee.
Pheromone
A chemical scent,released by an insect or other animal , that stimulates a behavioral response in others of the same species.
larva or Larvae
the second stage in the development (metamorphosis) of the bee.
abscond
To leave a hive suddenly, usually because of problems with poor ventilation, too much heat, too much moisture, mites, moths, ants, beetles, lack of food, or other intolerable problems.
arcaine diesease
The name given to the problem bees experince when they are infested with tracheal mites.
Africanized honey bee (AHB)
A short-tempered and aggressive bee that results from the introduction African bees into Brazil, displacing earlier introductions of more gentle European bees. Also known as killer bees.
apiary
This is a specific location where a hive is kept . Sometimes referred to as a beeyard.
apiculture
The science, study, and art of raising honey bees.
apiculturist
A beekeeper
Apis mellifera
The scientific name for the European Honey bee.
apitherapy
The art and science of using products of the honey bee for therapeutic/medical purposes.
battery box
Ventilated container used for shipping or housing caged queen bees and a small population of attending worker bees.
bee bread
Pollen, collected by bees, that is mixed with various liquids and then stored in calls for later use as a high protein food for larvae and bees.
bee space
The critical measurement between parts of a hive that enables bees to move freely about the hive. The space measures 1cm
bee vail
A mash, see-through netting worn over the head to protect the beekeeper from stings
beehive
The "House" where a colony (family) of honey bees lives. In nature, it may be the hollow of an old tree. For the beekeeper, it usually is a boxlike device containing frames of honeycomb.
beeswax
The substance secreted byy glands in the worker bee's abdomen that is used by the bees to build comb. It can be harvested by the beekeeper and used to make candles, cosmetics, and other beeswax products.
bottom board
The piece of the hive that makes the ground floor.
brace/burr comb
Brace comb refers to the bits of random comb that connect two frames,or any hive parts, together. Burr comb is any extention of comb beyond what the bee's build within the frames. (both should be removed by the beekeeper to facilitate manipulation and inspection of frames.)
brood chamber
The part of the hive where the queen is laying eggs and the brood is being raised. This is typically the lower deep
capped brood
The pupal cells that have been capped with a wax cover enabling the larvae to spin a cocoon and turn into pupae.
caste
The two types of female bees(worker and queen)
cell
the hexagon-shaped compartment of a comb. Bees store food and raise brood in these compartments (cells).
cleansing flight
Refers to when bees fly out of the hive to defecate after periods of confinement.
cluster
A mass of bees, such as a swarm. Also refers to when bees huddle together in cool weather.
colony
A colletion of bees (worker bees,drones,and a queen) living together as a single social unit.
Collony Callapse Disorder (CCD)
Term given to the sudden die-off of honey bees in colonies.
comb
A back-to-back collection of hexagonal cells that are made of beeswax and used by the bees to store food and raise brood.
crystallization
The process by which honey granulates or becomes solid (rather than a liquid)
dancing
A series of repated be movements that plays a role in communicating information about the location of food sources and new homes for the colony.
deep hive body
The box that holds standard full-depth frames.
Drawn Comb
A sheet of beeswax foundation whose cells have been built up by the bees.
drifting
Refers to when bees lose their sense of direction and wander into neighboring hives. (Drifting usually occurs when hives are place too close to each other.)
Egg
The first stage of a bee's development. (metamorphosis)
entrance reducer
A notched strip of wood placed at the hive's entrance to regulate the size of the "Front door" Used mostly in colder months, and on new colonies, it helps controll temperature and the flow of bees. It can also be used with new or small colonies to prevent robbing.
extractor
A machine that spins honeycomb and removes liquid honey via centrifugal force. (The resulted honey is called extracted honey and/or liquid honey)
Feeder
A device that is used to feed sugar syrup to honey bees.
feral bees
A wild honey bee colony that is not managed by a beekeeper.
food chamber
The part of the hive used by the bees to primarily store pollen and honey. This is typically the upper deep, when too deep bodies are used.
foulbrood
Bacterial diseases of bee brood. American foulbrood is very contagious---it is one of the most serious bee diseases. European foulbrood is less threatening. Colonies can be treated with an antibiotic (such as Terramycin) to prevent or foulbrood.
foundation
A thin sheet of beeswax that has been embossed with a pattern of hexagon-shaped cells. Bees use this as a guide to neatly build full-depth cells into comb.
frame
Four pieces of wood that come together to form a rectangle designed to hold foundation that the bees draw into honeycomb.
grafting
The manual process of transporting young larvae into special wax or plastic "queen cell caps"in order to raise new queen bees.
hive
A home provided by the beekeeper for a colony of bees.
hive tool
A metal devise used by beekeepers to open the hive and pry frames apart for inspection.
Honey flow
The time of year when an abundance of nector is available to the bees.
Honeycomb
Comb that has been filled with honey.
inbreeding
The production of offspring from the mating or breeding of bees that are closely related genectically, in contrast to outcrossing, which refers to mating unrelated individuals.
inner cover
A flat board with a ventilation hole that goes between the upper hive body and the outer (top) cover.
Larva (pl. larvae)
The second stage in the developement (metamorphosis) of the bee.
laying worker
A worker bee that lays eggs. (because they are unfertile, their eggs can only develope into drones.)
marked queen
A queen bee marked on the thorax with a dot of paint to make it easier to find her, document her age, or keep track of her.
miticides
Pesticide chemicals used to control mites.
nectar
The sweet, watery liquid secreted by plants. (Bees collect nectar and make it into honey.)
neonicotinoids
A class of insecticides that act on the central nervous system of insects. Neonicotinoids are among the most widely used insecticides worldwide, but their use may have a connection to Colony Callapse Disorder.
Nosema disease
An illness of the adult honey bee's digestive track caused by the fungal pathogens, Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae. The disease can be controlled with an antibiotic (such as Fumigilin-B).
nucleus hive (nuc)
A small colony of bees housed in a 3-to 5-frame cardboard or wooden hive.
nuptial mating flight
The flight that a newly emerged queen takes when she leaves the hive to mate with drones.
nurse bees
Young adult bees who feed the larvae.
outcrossing
The practice of introducing unrelated genetic material into a breeding line. It increases genetic diversity, thus reducing the probability of disease and/or reducing genetic abnormalities.
outer cover
The 'lid' that goes on top of the hive to rotect against the elements (Sometimes called a top-cover, or Telescoping outer cover)
pheromone
a chemical scent , released by an insect or other animal, that stimulates a behavioral responce in others of the same species.
pollen
The powdery substance that is made by the male reproductive cell of flowers. (Bees collect pollen as a protein resource)
propolis
A sticky resinous material that bees collect from trees and plants and to use to seal up cracks and stregnthen comb. It has antimicrobial qualities (Also called bee glue)