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34 terms

India China

astgyhjkl
STUDY
PLAY
4 noble truths
life has pain/suffering
suffering is caused by desire
cure for suffering is overcoming nonvirtue
overcome nonvirtue by following 8fold path
buddhas name
siddartha guatama
Indian mountain ranges
himilayas
hindu kush
original citystates of Indus valley
harrappa
mohenjo daro
advanced features of indus citystates
sewage systems
organized government
planned cities
moksha
ultimate goal of hinduism, reunification of individual soul and universal soul
karma
influences movement of soul into a new form
nirvana
complete peace or emptiness
atman
soul or universal soul
dharma
universal moral laws
Vedic Age
time of religious texts and great literature
goal of buddhism
reach nirvana
meospotamia vs india
climate
NOT similar
language of earliest indus inhabitants
NOT sanskrit
india water borders
bay of bengal
indian ocean
causes of migrations
food problems
population increase
climate
resources
conflict
aryan conquest
introduce caste system and hinduism to india
caste system order
warriors/rulers (2nd after epic age)
priests (top after epic age)
merchants/farmers
common workers
untouchables
dynasties order
Shang
Zhou
Chin (Quin)
Han
Shang
writing on oracle bones
human sacrifice
earliest woman soldier
torture methods
lead in glasses, impaired thinking
capital at anyad
longest dynasty
Zhou
created mandate of heaven
used feudalism
capital at Xian
phycalogical warfare
confucsious teachings
Qin
Harsh legalism teachings
terra cotta warriors
China first unified by Shih Huangdi (exliar death)
GREAT WALL OF CHINA
purged confuscianists
Han
western version of rome
Wudi
Silk road and lots of tradee WEEEE
confuscian teachings back
Shang decline
lead in drinking material
changes in royal authority
Zhou decline
warring states period
feudal lords had too much power
Qin decline
after Chin's death, angered citizens overthrew (forced labor heavy taxes)
Han decline
weaker kings
internal conflict
Hun invade from north
Shih Huangdi
first emporer (Chin)
took away feudalism, made legalism
purged opposers
gov based on fear
harsh rule
Wudi
strengthed gov and economy (Han)
set up imperial university
monopoly on iron and salt
expanded borders and influence
Confuscius
brilliant scholar
developed a philosophy
-ensure social order
-good government
5 relationships
teachings in the "Analects"
Daoism
harmony with nature
less government=better
The Way of Virtue
Laozi
Dynastic Cycle
explains rise and fall of dynasties
philosophy
set of ideas
legalism
Hanfeizei
strict laws
harsh punishments
strength over goodness
used by Shih Huangdi