57 terms

Unit 3 APUSH

The Proclamation of 1763 did which of the following?
- Made boundaries to prevent future riots between Indians and colonists over land
- Kept settlers hemmed in, led them to rebel and ignore law and move westward, they had fought for the land so they deserve access
Which of the following contributed most to the American victory in the Revolution?
French military and financial assistance
The primary purpose of the Stamp Act was to
Make revenue to pay for way debt
By the time of the American Revolution, most patriots had come to believe that in republican government, sovereignty was located in
the people!
The military turning point in the American Revolution and the battle which helped transform the war into an international conflict was fought at
Battle of Saratoga (New York)
Thomas Paine's pamphlet Common Sense
- Was a pamphlet that called for independence in a language that aroused the public
-Launched a direct assault on traditional political order in a way colonists could understand and respond to
- Challenged the normal made it to thousands of people, influenced them with Enlightenment thoughts about nature laws to ENTICE REBELLION
Which of the following was an effect of the Revolutionary War?
Took everything from Loyalists
At the end of the American Revolution the U.S. Border extended to
The Mississippi River
One important cause of the Boston Tea Party was Britain's decision to
Force Colonists to only buy from British, raise taxes on Dutch tea
The main purpose of the Continental Congress of 1774 was to
Express their grievances of the Intolerable Acts of 1774 to the king and defend their rights as British subjects
As suggested in the above quotation, Thomas Paine believed that
To flourish as a country, colonist needed to move away from Britain, and unfair treatment is something they should not have to deal with. They have 'outgrown' Britain
An accurate generalization about many of the American Loyalists who supported Britain during the Revolutionary War was the they were
Anglican Church members, tenants of farms, slaves, and royal officials
The Paxton Boys riots of 1763 were initiated by settlers who
Were Scots-Irish who lived along the frontier and wanted to push the Indians out of the colony but pacifistic Quakers prevented such military actions
Which of the following statements BEST explains the term salutary neglect during the colonial era?
Britain did not enforce either strictly or regularly the Trade and Navigation Acts
American resistance to British rule following the conclusion of the French and Indian War could be characterized as
Ignoring the laws, protesting, boycotting
The argument presented by the author of the above statement could best be summarized as
A protest against the Quartering Acts
The following items all dealt with relations between the thirteen English Colonies and the English Government except
Act does not directly relate to the 13 colonies and England
Which of the following British Acts was enacted first?
Proclamation Line of 1763
Writs of Assistance
Sugar Act of 1763
Currency Act of 1764
Stamp Act of 1765
Declaratory Act of 1766
Townshend Duties of 1766
Quartering Act of 1768
Tea Act of 1170
Intolerable/Coercive Act of 1174
The social structure of the colonies before the American Revolution
Which of the following should be considered as a step leading to the American Revolution?
During the Revolutionary War, the revolutionary cause was bolstered by all the following except
The use of foreign military recruits, colonial currency
Which of the following events that took place in the years preceding the Revolutionary War represented the most significant action on the part of the colonists against British authority?
The Stamp Act Congress
Which of the following does not represent the views of Prime Minister Grenville after the Seven Years' War
Not happy with colonists, salutary neglect, and going against British rule
"One December 16, 1773, some sixty men, thinly disguised as Mohawk Indians boards ships" This quotation describes the event known as the
Boston Tea Party
The primary purpose of the Stamp Act was to
Raise revenue to support British troops stationed in America
The new ministry of Lord North arranged a compromise in early 1770 by
Repealing the Townshend duties except for the tax on tea
The English Prime minister whose policies brought success in the Seven Years' War was
William Pitt
The British Theory that Parliament represented all subjects within the British Empire was called
Virtual representation
John Dickinson's Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania
Said No taxation without representation! We will become British slaves!
The Sons of Liberty drew their members from the ranks of
Traders, lawyers and prosperous artisans
The Revolution brought some improvement in the status of women in the form of
'Republican motherhood'
The language of the Olive Branch Petition is clear evidence that
Very late in conflict, many colonists still wanted a peaceful reinstitution of the empire, didn't want to separate
During the Revolution, slaves
Fought credibly for their masters, depending on who their masters were and if they like them or promised them freedom
To finance the War, the American Congress took action to
Issue paper money, caused inflation
and borrowed money from France
In protesting the Sugar Act in 1764 the speaker and various members of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
Argued that the duties constituted a tax, contrary to a fundamental principal of our Constitution: that all taxes ought to originate with the people
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes responses to the planned Stamp Act?
Proposed having representation in Parliament, said no, boycotted, protested
At the same time that Parliament imposed the Stamp Act, it also passed the Quartering Act, which required
Colonial governments to provide shelter and food for British soldiers
The Stamp Act Congress held in New York in 1765
Protested the loss of American rights and liberties, especially trial by jury, and declared that only the elected representatives could impose taxes on colonists, was a fail because only 9 represented and could not agree, challenged sugar and stamp acts
In the protest against the Stamp Act, activist groups calling themselves the Sons of Liberty arose in many parts of North America; their members typically
Poor laborers and seamen, artisans
From rationalist philosophies of the Enlightenment, Americans of the 1760s and early 1770s derived the idea
That individuals had certain 'natural rights'
Most British merchants responded to the Stamp Act Resolves by
Reasoning that boycotts were ruining their businesses! They plead to repeal the Stamp Act
The Rockingham ministry followed a compromise in 1766 by
Repealing the Stamp Act by creating the Declaratory Act, which affirmed the supremacy of Parliament over the colonies
The Townshend Act of 1767 imposed duties on
Paint, Paper, Glass, Tea imported into colonies
The Revenue Act of 1767
Reorganized the custom service and created four vice admiralty courts in colonial cities, threatening American actonomy, Board of American custom comissioners
The Restraining Act of June 1767
Suspended the New York Assembly until the port of New York obeyed the Quartering Act
American Women contributed to the nonimportation movements of 1768 by
Producing homespun fabric to make the colonies less dependent on British textiles
How did the outcome of the Stamp Act crisis of 1765 compare with that of the crisis over the Townshend duties in 1768
The stakes had risen; in 1765, American resistance to taxation had provoked an argument in Parliament; in 1768 it produced British plan for military coercion
New Englanders resented the Quebec Act of 1774 because
French Catholics were allowed to live there, Catholicism became the religion of the colony
The First Continental Congress
Express their grievances of the Intolerable Acts of 1774 to the king and defend their rights as British subjects
George III's response to the Olive Branch petition was
He refused to receive it, guarenteeing a war to come, Proclamation of Suppressing Rebellion and Sedition
Thomas Jefferson's main purpose in composing the Declaration of Independence was to
JUSTIFY the action of Congress by blaming repture on George III
At the Battle of Long Island, on August 7, 1776, they
Howe attacked, Americans were forced to retreat to Manhattan Island
France gave serious consideration to an alliance with the rebel colonies primarily because it saw an opportunity to
Exact revenge on Britain for defeat in the French and Indian War and the loss of Canada
The Franco American Treaty of Alliance of February 1778
Specified that once France had entered the war against Great Britain, neither partner would sign a separate peace before the 'liberty, sovereignty, and independence' of the United States were ensured
The Patriots succeeded in the American Revolution mainly because
About 2/3 of the population supported the war to some degree, and the army fought on its own territory
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the provisions of the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War?
The United States promised not to hind British merchants from recovering their prewar debt from Americans and to encourage state governments to restore confiscated Loyalist property. British had to recognize independence, going to giver them land, didn't
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the American conception of the republican ideal?
Each individual had rights and responsibilities in the collective state, it comes from the people!