Only $35.99/year

History 101 Midterm Essay Questions

Terms in this set (30)

Buddha, like Plato, was interested in an understanding of the real world. Plato referred to it as the "escape from the cave," while Buddha called it "rising above the images of the wall."

Despite this need for knowledge of the outside world, Buddha, like Socrates was very interested in introspection. Both philosophers believe that in order to proceed with an open mind, one must understand the limitations that exist due to one's ignorance. The pursuit of truth with an empty mind is essential to understanding oneself and the world around you. Buddha, like the other four philosophers, believed that knowledge was the true means of salvation, for oneself as well as the world at large.

Many of the beliefs of Buddha, like those of Socrates, specifically leaned towards humanism. Buddha believed that everybody was responsible for the decisions they make and the outcomes of one's own life is not the result of intervention by gods or spirits. Buddha, like Socrates, discouraged people from accepting religious truths and asked followers to use insightful reasoning and meditation to arrive at the truth.

While Buddha was not overly concerned with the political realm, he is on record, like the other philosophers, in believing that governments have a responsibility to lead by example and be just. His belief that philosophical principles should guide and inspire leaders is very similar to the beliefs of Plato and Confucius. Buddha was also very direct in his belief that greed leads to suffering, a point mentioned above.