How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

19 terms

history vocab- chapter 5

STUDY
PLAY
epic poems
a long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero
Polis
city-state
acropolis
usually the upper fortified part of a city or town
Agora
an open place that served both as a place where citizens could assemble and as a market
Hoplites
heavily armed infantry soldiers, foot soldiers
phalanx
marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation
democracy
rule of the many
oligarchy
rule by the few
Archons
rulers
marathon
footrace
ostracism
members of the assembly wrote the name of a person who was considered harmful on a pottery fragment. if 6,000 votes were recorded, the person was banned from the city for ten years
ritual
prayers combined with gifts and sacrifices to gain the favor of the gods in religious ceremonies
oracle
a sacred shrine dedicated to a god or goddess who revealed the future
trilogy
a set of three prayers
philosophy
an organized system of thought
Socratic method
uses a question-and-answer format to lead pupils to see things for themselves by using their own reason
Hellenistic era
an age of expansion of Greek language and ideas into the Middle East and beyond
Epicureanism
a philosophy founded by a teacher, Epicurus, in Athens in the fourth century BCE based on the concept that heppiness through the pursuit of pleasure (freedom that comes from a mind at rest) was the goal of life
Stoicism
the most popular philosophy of the Hellenistic world, founded by Zeno, based on the concept that heppiness, the supreme good, could be obtained only by living in harmony with the will of God, thereby obtaining inner peace