APUSH Federalists, Republicans, and the American Government
Terms in this set (95)
Freeing someone from the control of another
First African American female writer to be published in the United States.
African-American scientist who taught himself calculus and trigonometry. He also helped design the capitol in Washington D.C.
New areas in west under control of Congress and President. The territories depended on government for survival until they became a state. Citizens here developed ideas about government, economy, and politics.
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by having a good balance of trade
Fort Dearborn and Fort Detroit
The names of the two British forts in the Northwest Territory
People hold the final authority in all matters of government
Seperation of Power (Checks and Balances)
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
The fourth President of the United States, a member of the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention. Known as the Father of the Constitution. His presidency was marked by the War of 1812.
United States diplomat and jurist who negotiated peace treaties with Britain and served as the first chief justice of the United States Supreme Court
Supporters of a strong central government who advocated the ratification of the Constitution
Led by Thomas Jefferson, believed people should have political power, favored strong state governments, strict interpretation of the Constitution
American Revolutionary leader from Virginia whose objections led to the drafting of the Bill of Rights
Became first secretary of state. Along with James Madison, he took up the cause of the Republican Party. As the nation's third president he doubled the size of the nation, and struggled to maintain American neutrality
Bank of United States
Hamilton's plan to solve Revolutionary debt that was formed based on loose interpretation of Constitution
The part of the Constitution that permits Congress to make any laws "necessary and proper" to carrying out its powers
A tax on imported goods that raises the price of imports so people will buy domestic goods
A tax on imports used primarily to raise government revenue without restricting imports
American Indians originally from the southeastern United States. They were an important British ally in the war of 1812 until their defeat by Andrew Jackson.
Creek Indian leader who secretly negotiated a treaty in which Spain promised weapons so that the Creeks could protect themselves
An insult to the American delegation when they were supposed to be meeting French foreign minister, Talleyrand, but instead they were sent 3 officials that demanded $250,000 as a bribe to see Talleyrand.
The French foreign minister, whom which three (WHICH THREE) American dipolmats seek to reach an agreement with,
Alien and Sedition Acts
These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798: the Naturalization Act, the Alien Act, the Alien Enemy Act, and the Sedition Act
Madison said in this document that a state could interpose, or place itself between the federal government and its citizens
Written by Jefferson; introduced nullification; states have right to judge laws made and if be, declare laws null and void
Convention of 1800
Agreement which freed America from its alliance with France; gave French $20 million in damages
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
Alien (Friend) Act
The president could arrest or deport a dangerous aliens
Alien Enemies Act
In the event of war, the president has the power to arrest, imprison, and deport all members of the enemy nation
Made it a crime to criticize the government or government officials. Opponents claimed that it violated citizens' rights to freedom of speech and freedom of the press, gauranteed by the First Amednment.
Act that increased the time to become a US citizen from 7 to 14 years
Undeclared war fought entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1800. The French began to seize American ships trading with their British enemies and refused to receive a new United States minister when he arrived in Paris in December 1796. It was also known as a half-war.
State Compact Theory
Since the constitution arose as a contract among the states, this political theory stated that the states should decide when Congress exceeded its powers.
Theory that a U.S. state has the right to invalidate any federal law which that state has deemed unconstitutional
Revolution of 1800
Jefferson's election changed the direction of the government from Federalist to Democratic-Republican
Election of 1800
Jefferson and Burr each received 73 votes in the Electoral College, so the House of Representatives had to decide the outcome. The House chose Jefferson as President and Burr as Vice President.
Tax on whiskey that caused the Whiskey Rebellion. Jefferson repealed it in 1801
In revenge of the Marbury vs Madison case, Federalists atteptempted to impeach ______________, a supreme court justice, but he hadn't comitted any crimes.
United States politician who served as Vice President under Jefferson
the U.S. fought these North African Pirates because they held merchant ships and sailors for randsom
Leader of the Haitian Revolution. He freed the slaves and gained effective independence for Haiti despite military interventions by the British and French.
Territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million
Louisiana Government Bill
Gave the right to tax the territory of Louisiana without the representation of those who inhabited it
Signed by Thomas Jefferson in 1807 - stop export of all American goods and American ships from sailing for foreign ports
An economic regime pioneered by Henry Clay which created a high tariff to support internal improvements such as road-building. This approach was intended to allow the United States to grow and prosper by themselves
The first highway built by the federal government. Constructed during 1825-1850, it stretched from Pennsylvania to Illinois. It was a major overland shipping route and an important connection between the North and the West.
Tariff of 1816
This protective tariff helped American industry by raising the prices of British manufactured goods, which were often cheaper and of higher quality than those produced in the U.S.
Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
He was a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of the House of Representatives, from Kentucky
Representative from Tennessee cried that there was only one way to remove the menace of the Indians and that was to wipe out their Canadian base
John C Calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
Incident in 1807 when a British warship attacked an American warship; the British demanded to board the American ship to search for deserters from the Royal Navy. When the U.S. commander refused, the British attacked. Four alleged deserters were then removed from the Chesapeake and impressed. Many angry and humiliated Americans called for war.
A famous chief of the Shawnee who tried to unite Indian tribes against the increasing white settlement
1809 - Replaced the Embargo of 1807. This act only forbade trade with France and Britain. It did not succeed in changing British or French policy towards neutral ships, so it was replaced by Macon's Bill No. 2.
Macon's Bill Number 2
1810, In response to the continued economic problems under the Nonintercourse Act, it said that America would trade with either Britain or France (but not both) if that nation acknowledge America's neutral rights at sea. It resulted in America agreeing to trade with France, but failed when France continued to attack American ships.
Battle of Tippecanoe
1811 Tecumseh and the Prophet attack, but General Harrison crushes them in this battle ends Tecumseh's attempt to unite all tribes in Mississippi.
William Henry Harrison
Was an American military leader, politician, and the ninth President of the United States. He led US forces in the Battle of Tippecanoe.
Invasion of Canada (Detroit)
Led by General William Hull who surrender before his troops fired a shot
Invasion of Canada (Lake Erie)
Stephen Van Rensselaer tried to lead an attack on _________ but the NY militia would not cross the NY border
Battle for the Great Lakes
Oliver Hazard Perry destroyed the British fleet at Put-in-Bay
Oliver Hazard Perry
United States commodore who led the fleet that defeated the British on Lake Erie during the War of 1812
Battle of Thames
William Henry Harrison pushed up the river Thames into Upper Canada and on October 4, 1813, won a victory notable for the death of Tecumseh, who was serving as a brigadier general in the British army. This battle resulted in no lasting occupation of Canada, but weakened and disheartened the Indians of the Northwest.
Burning of Washington
Took place on August 24, 1814, during the War of 1812 between the British Empire and the United States of America. British forces occupied Washington, D.C. and set fire to many public buildings
Attack on Baltimore
An attack that Britain led in September 1814 against ___________ but failed not destroying Fort McHenry
Affectionately knows as Old Ironside - during the war of 1812 British cannonballs bounced off her thick wooden hull.
Battle of New Orleans
Led by Andrew Jackson when British troops attacked U.S. soldiers in _________ on January 8, 1815; the War of 1812 had officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in December, 1814.
A general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815).
Treaty of Ghent
December 24, 1814 - Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border.
The treaty laid the basis for a demilitarized boundary between the U.S. and British North America. The treaty provided for the demilitarization of the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain, where many British naval arrangements and forts still remained
Meeting of Federalists near the end of the War of 1812 in which the party listed it's complaints against the ruling Republican Party. These actions were largley viewed as traitorous to the country and lost the Federalist much influence
United States painter best known for his portraits of George Washington ($1 Bill)
Charles Willson Peale
Marylander who painted over 60 portraits of Washington. He believed in giving art to the masses.
He was an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War famous for his historical paintings including his Declaration of Independence.
Group of Connecticut writers that included Joel Barlow, Timothy Dwight, and John Trumbull.
Republican editor of National Gazette, associated with Jefferson and quickly became the leader of Republic press.
American writer remembered for the stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow,". His stories gave light to ideals of the time.
James Fennimore Cooper
A prolific and popular American writer, He wrote many sea-stories, historical novels and Romantic Novels, "The Last of the Mohicans" and "Leatherstocking Tales"
Mason Locke Weems
Wrote one of the 1st biographies of George Washington; was pretty much just made up. Made up the story about the cherry tree.
American writer who wrote textbooks to help the advancement of education. He also wrote a dictionary which helped standardize the American language.
Marbury v Madison
The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the U.S. Constitution. The decision established the Court's power of judicial review over acts of Congress.
Gibbons v Ogden
Supreme Court decision that ruled that the Constitution gave control of interstate commerce to the U.S. Congress, not the individual states
McCulloch v Maryland
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law
Fletcher v Peck
Supreme Court case which protected property rights and asserted the right to invalidate state laws in conflict with the Constitution
Dartmouth College v Woodward
1819-New Hampshire attempted to take over Dartmouth College by revising its colonial charter. The Court ruled that the charter was protected under the contract clause of the Constitution; upholds the sanctity of contracts.
He was the second president of the United States and a Federalist. He was responsible for passing the Alien and Sedition Acts. Prevented all out war with France after the XYZ Affair. His passing of the Alien and Sedition Acts severely hurt the popularity of the Federalist party and himself
Panic of 1819
Economic recession caused by extensive speculation and a decline of Europena demand for American goods along with mismanagement within the Second Bank of the United States. Often cited as the end of the Era of Good Feelings.
US general and Territorial Governor of Michigan who marched his troops into Upper Canada in an attempt to conquer Montreal. His tactics were weak and he was "forced" to surrender Fort Detroit.
Easily led British forces from Benedict, Maryland to Washington D.C, Defeated small American force of 7000 and burned many government buildings.
Emperor of France who said he would agree to Macon's Bill Number 2 but did not live up to his side of the bargain
Led a group of NY Militia who refused to fight outside of NY borders
Judiciary Act of 1789
In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-court system. The act managed to quiet popular apprehensions by establishing in each state a federal district court that operated according to local procedures.
The U.S. used this type of architechture
He was the fifth President of the United States. He is the author of the Monroe Doctrine. Proclaimed that the Americas should be closed to future European colonization and free from European interference in sovereign countries' affairs. It further stated the United States' intention to stay neutral in European wars
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.