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13 terms

EXERCISE SCIENCE CHAPTER 6

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Respiratory System
Conducts air in and out of lungs, Humidifies air, Warms air, Filters air.
Pulmonary Respiration
exchange of O2 and CO2 between the alveoli and circulating blood in the pulmonary capillaries.
Cellular Respiration
Relates to 02 utilization and C02 production by the tissues
Alveoi
lungs containe over 300 million tiny air sacs providing a huge surface area for gas exchange (Diffusion).
Inspiration
an active process in which the intercostal (rib) muscles and the diaphragm contract, expanding the size of the chest cavity and causing air to flow into the lungs
Diaphragm
muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity and aids in respiration by moving up and down
Expiration
diaphragm relaxes & moves up into original dome shape. This decreases the chest volume & moves air out of the lungs
Ventilation
Respiratory process by which gases are moved into and out of the lungs.
Duffusion
the process by which molecules spread from areas of high concentratiion, to areas of low concentration
Resistance to Airflow
-pressure is one determinant of airflow
-resistance is the other determinant of airflow
-the greater the resistance the slower the flow
Pulmonary Ventilation
...
Vital capacity
the maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation (usually tested with a spirometer)
Residual Volume
The amount of air that remains in the lungs after forcefully exhaling.