Unit 1 Wordlist


Terms in this set (...)

coherent (adj)
(of ideas, thoughts, arguments, etc.) logical and well organized; easy to understand and clear
incoherent (adj)
not logical or well organized
coherence (noun)
1.the situation in which all the parts of something fit together well
2. how a text is connected in terms of meaning and IDEAS
coherency (noun)
logical and orderly, consistent relation of parts
coherence vs coherency
The difference between coherence and coherency is that -- -coherence- is quality of cohering; of being coherent; internal consistency while -coherency- is the state of being coherent: e.g. a coherent relationship.
cohesive (adj)
well-integrated; unified:
opposite of cohesive (adj)
cohesion (n)
the action or fact of forming a united whole or /
how a text is connected in terms of meaning and LANGUAGE
cohesion vs coherence
Coherence means the connection of ideas at the idea level, and cohesion means the connection of ideas at the sentence level. Basically, coherence refers to the "rhetorical" aspects of your writing, which include developing and supporting your argument (e.g. thesis statement development), synthesizing and integrating readings, organizing and clarifying ideas. The cohesion of writing focuses on the "grammatical" aspects of writing.
cohesiveness (noun)
The quality of forming a united whole.
collaboratively (adverb)
in a way that involves two or more people working together for a special purpose:
genre (noun)
a type of art or writing with a particular style:
audience (noun)
all the people who read or might read a particular book or article, or attend a lecture or a presentation
perspecttive (noun)
a mainly objective way of viewing something
f.e. from a medical perspective...
navigate (verb)
to find your way around something, e.g. a book, to find the information you need
subject-specific dictionary (phrase)
It is a dictionary covering a specialized areas such as medical terms or legal terms. These dictionaries are so specialized that you don't see many of their words in regular dictionaries.
abstarct (of a journal article) (noun)
the text at the beginning of an academic article which summarises the whole articl; abstracts are also available and searchable separately
(encyclopedia/vocabulary) entry (noun)
a word, phrase, abbreviation, symbol, affix, name, etc., listed with its definition or explanation in alphabetical order or listed for identification after the word from which it is derived or to which it is related.
review/critique/ critical response
a written or spoken evaluation of a text, giving a subjective, evidence-based assessment of the ideas in the text; a rview can include positiove comments and/or criticisms
scientific report (phrase)
it is a document that describes the process, progress, or results of technical or scientific research or the state of a technical or scientific research problem. It might also include recommendations and conclusions of the research. Unlike other scientific literature, such as scientific journals and the proceedings of some academic conferences, these reports rarely undergo comprehensive independent peer review before publication.
Master's dissertation (phrase)
In UK universities, a dissertation is an extended piece of writing based on extended reading and some independent research at Undergraduate Masters level.
reference (v,n)
A mention or citation of a source of information in a book or article.
1. mention or refer to 2.Provide (a book or article) with citations of sources of information.
volume (noun)
1.A book forming part of a work or series.
2. the number or amount of something, especially when it is large:
edition (noun)
A particular form or version of a published text.
title (noun)
the distinguishing name of a book, poem, picture, piece of music, or the like.
assume (verb)
to think that something is likely to be true, although you have no proof:
assumption (noun)
A thing that is accepted as true or as certain to happen, without proof.
cross-disciplinary research (phrase)
a research that is conducted in more than one branch of knowledge/science; interdisciplinary.
explicit (adjective)
Stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.
expliciteness (noun)
a manner in which something is stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.
implicit (adjecteve)
Suggested though not directly expressed.
implicitness (noun)
state of being implied or indirect
claim (verb)
to state or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof.
define (verb)
to say exactly what something means, or what someone or something is like:
exemplify (verb)
Illustrate or clarify by giving an example.
outline (verb)
-Draw, trace, or define the outer edge or shape of.
-give a summary of something
Express something definitely or clearly in speech or writing.
to make something easier to understand by explaining it:
specialIty vs specialty
In general usage, specialty and speciality are very closely related and often interchangeable. English reference books say various things about them, but in general writers tend to treat them as if they're the same word. Specialty is more common in American, Canadian, and Australian English (which is surprising, because Australian English usually follows British), and it's usually a noun meaning something in which a person or business specializes. Speciality is more common in British English, and it's often an adjective (as in the phrases specialty store and specialty products).
speacilty area (phrase)
a sphere which a professional or the person in question is an expert in
scope (noun)
the range of ideas that a text, a presentation or a piece of research deals with
underpin (verb)
to give support, strength, or a basic structure to something:
tutorial (noun)
a class in which a small group of students talks about a subject with their tutor, especially at a British university
envision (verb)
Imagine as a future possibility; visualize.
spontaneously (adverb)
happening naturally and suddenly and without being planned
meet/satisfy needs (phrase)
to provide for what is necessary
frustration (noun)
The feeling of being upset or annoyed as a result of being unable to change or achieve something.
hierarchy of needs (phrase)
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (often represented as a pyramid with five levels of needs) is a motivational theory in psychology that argues that while people aim to meet basic needs, they seek to meet successively higher needs in the form of a pyramid.
esteem (noun)
respect and admiration for someone:
to gain the approval of sb (phrase)
to get somebody's good opinion about what a person has done or said
self-actualization (noun)
the fact of using your skills and abilities and achieving as much as you can possibly achieve
fulfil your potential (phrase)
to achieve as much as your natural ability makes possible
(of an excuse or explanation) reasonable and likely to be true
corroborating evidence (phrase)
(of an excuse or explanation) reasonable and likely to be true
credible ( adj)
able to be believed or trusted
reliant (adj)
needing somebody/something in order to survive, be successful, etc.
that can be trusted to do something well; that you can rely on/that is likely to be correct or true
to be in line with something (phrase)
similar to, or at the same level as something:
empirical evidence (phrase)
information acquired by observation or experimentation. This data is recorded and analyzed by scientists and is a central process as part of the scientific method.
crucial (adjective)
extremely important or necessary:
behaviour (noun)
1. the way people act in different life situations
bias (noun, verb)
1.a strong feeling in favour of or against one group of people, or one side in an argument, often not based on fair judgement
2. (towards/against/in favour of somebody/something) to unfairly influence somebody's opinions or decisions
social milieu (phrase)
a person's social environment.
social - societal
social vs societal
Societal is the pedantic alternative to social. They both mean "pertaining to society," but as the latter word, first attested in the Middle Ages, was increasingly used in the modern era to refer to interpersonal contact rather than in the context of complex forces within human populations, societal appeared in the latter part of the nineteenth century as a more serious, scholarly alternative. It is mostly seen in such usage and is otherwise considered pretentious.
Even now, social is more likely to appear in phrases referring to individuals, not groups, such as "social disposition," "social engagement," and "social life." Societal, on the other hand, is employed in contexts like "societal pressure to conform," though social still has the same import in usage such as "social institutions," which refers to widespread traditions, not venues where people hang out.
audience profile (phrase)
Economic characteristics (disposable income, car ownership, home ownership, etc.) and social characteristics (lifestyle, leisure activities, buying patterns) of the potential listenership, readership, or the viewership of a particular piece of writing/reading/medium
originate (verb)
to begin to exist or appear for the first time
thesis statement (phrase)
The part of a text which briefly expresses some or all of the following: purpose, aim, rationale, stance, limitations, organization
the reasons for doing something in a particular way, e.g. the reasons for choosing a topic or taking a particular approach
cite (verb)
1.to mention something as an example or proof of something else:
quote (verb)
1. to repeat the exact words that another person has said or written
citation vs quotation
A citation is when you cite a specific source as the resource from which you gleaned certain information. If you cite a source, you might or might not use the exact language from the original source. Or, you might use the exact same language and then "cite the source," of that language.

A quotation is the direct use of specific language that comes from another source, using the exact same wording as the original source. Generally, in formal writing, one would "cite the source" of the quote.
quantitative (adjective)
connected with the amount or number of something rather than with how good it is
qualitative (adjective)
connected with what something is like or how good it is, rather than with how much of it there is
concise (adjective)
giving only the information that is necessary and important, using few words
assess (verb)
to make a judgement about the nature or quality of somebody/something
mind map (noun)
a diagram that presents information with a central idea in the middle and connected ideas arranged around it
what is the best verb for a collocation with "research"?
to conduct/ carry out a research(phrase)
encompass (verb)
to include a lot of things, ideas, places, etc:
delivery (noun) of smth
the way in which somebody speaks, sings a song, etc. in public
f.e.The interesting topic of the lecture was ruined by her poor delivery.
encounter (verb)
to experience ordeal with something, especially a problem
process (verb) (about data)
to put information into a computer in order to organize it
f.e. Data is processes as it is received.
handout (noun)
a piece of paper with information on it that is given to everyone in a group, especially a class of students
to come up with (phrasal verb)
to think of a plan, an idea, or a solution to a problem:
relevant (adjective)
opposite - irrelevant
closely connected with the subject you are discussing or the situation you are thinking about
digression (noun)
to start to talk about something that is not connected with the main point of what you are saying
reach an agreement (phrase)
to come to a decesion which is good for all of the participants of the discussion or meeting
draw a conclusion (phrase)
to deduce, to infer
put forward an idea (phrase)
to suggest something for discussion
the detailed study or examination of something in order to understand more about it; the result of the study
insight (n)
(approving) the ability to see and understand the truth about people or situations
to do smth for the benefit of sb (phrase)
to do something in order to help someone:
mindful of (adjective)
(formal) remembering somebody/something and considering them or it when you do something
posteponement of gratification (phrase)
Delayed gratification, or deferred gratification, is the ability to resist the temptation for an immediate reward and wait for a later reward. Generally, delayed gratification is associated with resisting a smaller but more immediate reward in order to receive a larger or more enduring reward later.
discontent (noun)
unhappiness about a situation:
altruistic/selfless (adjective)
showing a wish to help or bring advantages to others, even if it results in disadvantage for yourself:
drive/ motivating factor
. Drivers of human behavior related to the intrinsic nature of the work, but not necessarily to the surrounding circumstances or environment. Motivating factors include achievement, advancement, autonomy, personal growth, recognition, responsibility, and the work itself.
distant relative (phrase)
A distant relative could be a 2nd, 3rd, or 4th cousin or a great, great uncle or something along those lines.
non-profit sector(phrase)
The voluntary sector or community sector (also non-profit sector or "not-for-profit" sector) is the duty of social activity undertaken by organizations that are not-for-profit and non-governmental. This sector is also called the third sector, in contrast to the public sector and the private sector.
self-gain (compound noun)
advantage/worth that you could benefit from by doing something.
temporarily (adverb)
existing or happening for only a short or limited time:
tension (noun)
1.a feeling of fear or anger between two groups of people who do not trust each other:
2. a feeling that you are nervous, worried, and not relaxed: