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40 terms

Health 9-Chapter 5 Nutrition

Chapter 5 Test Nutrition
STUDY
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The process by which the body takes in and uses food
Nutrition
The units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.
Calories
The substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy.
Nutrients
A natural physical drive that protects you from starvation.
Hunger
A desire, rather than a need to eat
Appetite
Eating to be sociable at a party is an example of
appetite
When you eat because you are feeling stressed, you are allowing ________ to affect your eating habits.
emotions
A person's cultural background in a (n) _________ factor that influences food choices.
environmental
People need to analyze the health messages given by food _________ in order to make informed food choices.
advertisements
Good nutrition, along with other healthful habits, can increase your overall _________.
wellness
A major source of energy for your body comes from
carbohydrates
An example of a food that contains complete proteins is
fish
One major function of proteins is
making new cells
An example of fats high in saturated fatty acids is
coconut oil
The excess cholesterol in the blood is deposited in
the arteries
Your body converts all carbohydrates to fiber
False-glucose
The body uses proteins to make lipids, which are substances that control the rate of chemical reactions in the cells.
False-enzymes
An increased risk of heart disease is associated with a high intake of saturated fats.
True
Water-soluable vitamins are stored in fat.
False-fat soluable
Water is a nutrient that is vital to every body function.
True
Corn syrup is a type of protein
False-sugar
Eating foods with less fat decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease
True
A healthful eating plan can include sensible snacks
True
The ______ is a booklet of recommendations for healthful eating and active living.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
To maintain fitness, you should include about 60 minutes of __________ every day.
physical activity
Most of your daily servings of food should come from the ________ group.
grain
Consuming too much ___________ can lead to high blood pressure.
sodium
Substances intentionally added to food to produce a desired effect
Food additives
A condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods
Food allergy
A negative reaction to a food or part of food caused by a metabolic problem
Food intollerance
Food poisoning
Food borne illness
The process of treating a substance with heat to destroy or slow the growth of pathogens
Pasteurization
A (n) ____________ on a food package will indicate the number of calories of fat per serving and the number of servings per container.
nutrition facts panel
The _________ on a food product indicates the last date you should use the product.
expiration date
The ________ on a food product indicates the last date the product should be sold.
sell-by date
To prevent __________ you should store raw meat separately from other foods.
cross-contamination
Bacteria and ______________ cause most common food borne illnesses.
viruses
Complete proteins
contain all 9 essential amino acids
Incomplete proteins
lack one or more of the 9 essential amino acids
The sugars and starches present in foods
carbohydrates