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the unique and relatively stable ways in which people think, feel, and behave


valve judgement of a person's moral and ethincal behavior


the enduring characteristic with which each person is born. Forms the basis upon which one's personality is built

unconscious mind

where thoughts, feelings, memories, and other info are kept that are not easily or voluntarily brought into consciousness

unconscious mind

Freud believed that the _________ was the most important determining factor in human behavior and personality.

pleasure principle

the immediate satisfaction of needs without regard for consequences


part of personality out of a need to deal with reality. mostly conscious, rational, and logical

reality principle

the satisfaction of the demands of the id only when negative consequences will not result

awakening of sexual feelings

conflict phallic

latency stage

occurs during school years

carl jung

disagreed with freud about the nature of the unconscious mind. he believed the unconscious held more than personal fears, urges, and memories

collective unconscious

jung's name for the memories shared by all members of the human species

alfred adler

disagreed with freud about the importance of sexuality in developement

social cognitive learning theorists

theoriest who emphasize the importance of both the influences of other people's behavior and of a person's own expectations of learning

reciprocal determination

albert bandura's explanation of how the factors of environment, personal characteristics and behavior can interact to determin furute behavior

social learning theory

people are motivated to seek reinforcement and avoid punishment


SLT views personality as

locus of control

the tendency for people to assume that they either have control or do not have control over events and consequences in their lives

humanisitc perspective

focuses on those aspects of personality that make people human such as: subjective feelings and freedom of choice

humanistic perspective

created as an opposing viewpoint to psychodynamic theory and behaviorism

trait theories

theories that endeavor where a trait is consistent wa y of thinking, feeling, or behaving

trait theories

unconcerned with an explanation for personality development and changing personality

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