World War I
a war between the allies (Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, United States, Japan, Rumania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Montenegro) and the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria) from 1914 to 1918
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war
1941-Freedom of Speech, Religion, Want, from Fear; used by FDR to justify a loan for Britain, if the loan was made, the protection of these freedoms would be ensured
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions. Used in 1945.
a government that undertakes responsibility for the welfare of its citizens through programs in public health and public housing and pensions and unemployment compensation etc.
Crimes Against Humanity
a category of activities, made illegal in 1945, condemning states that abuse human rights
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
Peoples Republic of China
a socialist republic ruled by the Communist Party of China under a single-party system
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
War in Vietnam
1945-1975. The US became involved in the war in an effort to stop the spread of communism to southeast asia.
The freedom of the people of a given territory to determine their own political status
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
1948 - 1994 in South Africa a racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
Bretton Woods System
The international monetary system developed after the Second World War it helped stabilize foreign exchange rates
a United Nations agency created to assist developing nations by loans guaranteed by member governments
International Monetary Fund
a United Nations agency to promote trade by increasing the exchange stability of the major currencies
World Trade Organization
an international organization based in Geneva that monitors and enforces rules governing global trade
A strategy for economic development that calls for free markets, balanced budgets, privatization, free trade, and minimal government intervention in the economy.
An ideological term characterizing parties or politicians who not only advocate an end to government expansion, but also believe in reducing its role via downsizing, privatization, and deregulation
the communist and state-planned countries of the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and China (Cold War)
underdeveloped and developing countries of Asia and Africa and Latin America collectively
Structural Adjustment Programs
Economic policies made by the IMF that encourage international trade.
United States Agency for International Aid
the United States federal government organization responsible for most non-military foreign aid
private, voluntary organizations whose members are individuals or associations that come together for a common purpose (Red Cross, Green Peace, Amnesty)
1992- an organized social movement and market-based approach that aims to help producers in developing countries and promote sustainability.
Millennium Development Goals
eight international development goals that 192 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015.
United Nations Declaration of Human Rights
the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are entitled. It consists of 30 articles which have been elaborated in subsequent international treaties, regional human rights instruments, national constitutions and laws.
a belief in a strict adherence to a set of basic principles (often religious in nature), sometimes as a reaction to perceived doctrinal compromises with modern social and political life
the calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals