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40 terms

Psychology Chapter 13 Test

STUDY
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a stimulus that moves a person to behave in ways designed to accomplish a specific goal
motive
a condition in which we require something we lack
needs
caused by both biological and psychological needs, the forces that motivate an organism to take action
drives
in contrast to biological needs, psychological needs...
are not necessarily based on deprivation
the biological need for food gives rise to....
the hunger drive
instincts are also called...
fixed-action patterns
behavioral patterns genetically transmitted from generation to generation
instinct
William James believed that human behavior was motivated by....
instincts
tendency to maintain a state of equilibrium in the body, achieved through adjustments of the nervous system
homeostasis
The drive-reduction theory applies to...
many biological drives
Maslow pioneered the study of _____ psychology.
humanistic
The need for self-actualization is part of the theory by....
Maslow
the need to become what one believes he or she is capable of being
self-actualization
hunger drive can be satisfied by...
sensations of chewing and swallowing
people experience hunger as a result of...
pressure and anxiety, low blood sugar, and the activity of the hypothalamus
the start and stop eating centers are located in the...
hypothalamus
people tend to eat more...
around others
Obesity effects about....
3 out of 10 American Adults
weighing more than 30% percent over your recommended body weight
obese
healthy wright control programs involve...
diet and exercise
Particular genes contribute to obesity by...
not sending the person the biological signal to stop eating
the rate that people metabolize food is based on the amount of...
muscle and fat in their body
desires for stimulatoin
stimulus motives
an absence of stimulation
sensory deprivation
sensation seekers are people who...
are at their best when doing something adventerous
motivation to get ahead and tackle challenging situations and to meet high personal standards of success
achievement motivation
specific goals
performance goals
goals in learning for learning's sake
learning goals
motivators such as good grades, good income, or respect from others
extrinsic rewards
motivators such as learning goals and self-satisfaction
intrinsic rewards
parents of children with learning goals encourage their children to...
be persistent, enjoy school, and solve their own problems
seeking to think and behave in ways what they believe and how others expect them to behave, thoughts fit with their beliefs
cognitive consistancy
uncomfortable state that tends to upset people
imbalance
leaves people feeling indifferent
non-balance
desire to join with others and be a part of something larger than oneself
affiliation
affiliation motivation prompts people to...
make friends and participate, keep families together, provides support for a pleasurable company
needs such as self esteem and achievement
psychological needs
states of feeling that influence our thoughts and actions
emotions
The James-Lang theory is criticized because...
it downplays the role of human cognition
PET scans show that different emotions....
involve different parts of the brain