34 terms

Chp 1. United States Our Government Our Democracy Mc Graw Hill

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Terms in this set (...)

Anarchy
A state without government and laws
Government
An institution through which leaders exercise power to make and in force laws affecting the people under its control
Nation
A group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tradition, and sometimes religion
State/Country
A political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government
Sovereignty
The supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
Philosopher
One who engages in the pursuit of wisdom
Divine Right
The idea that people are chosen by a God or Gods to rule
Social Contract
Theory that by contract people surrender to the state the power needed to maintain order and the state, in turn, agrees to protect its citizens
Unitary System
A government that gives all the key powers to the nation or central government
Confederacy
A loose union of independent states
Federal Systems
A government that divides the powers of government between the national and state or provincial governments
Constitution
A plan that provides the rules for government
Constitutional Government
A government in which a constitution has authority to place clearly recognized limits on the powers of those who govern
Authoritarian
Controlling all aspects of citizens economic, political, and social lives
Totalitarian
A system of government in which the government has total control
Dictatorship
A system of government in which power is in the hand of one person who has total control
Oligarchy
A system of government in which a small group holds power
Monarchy
A system of government in which a king, queen or emperor exercises supreme power of government
Democracy
Government in which the people rule
Republic
A government in which voters hold sovereign power; elected representatives , responsible to the people, exercise that power
Economics
The study of how people and nations use their limited resources to attempt to satisfy wants and needs
Regulation
Rule or procedure that has the force of law
Capitalism
An economic system that emphasizes freedom of choice and individual incentive
Consumer
A person who purchases and uses goods and services
Free Market
An economic system in which buyers and sellers make free choices in the marketplace
Free Enterprise
The opportunity to control one's own economic decisions
Laissez-Faire
The philosophy that government should keep its hands off the economy
Mixed Economies
A system in which the government regulated enterprise
Socialism
An economic system in which the government owns the basic means of production, distributes the products and wages, and provides social services such as health care and welfare
Democratic Socialist
A socialist who is committed to democracy but wants government involvement in the distribution of wealth
Command Economy
An economic system in which the government controls the factors of production
Bourgeoisie
Capitalist who own the means of production
Proletariat
Workers who produce the goods
Communism
An economic system in which the central government effects all major economic decisions