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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
US History to 1877 Test
Test of concepts, people, events and dates from US history up to 1877.
Terms in this set (46)
Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, instrumental in forming the colony's government and shaping its legislative policy; he envisioned the colony as a "city upon a hill" from which Puritans would spread religious righteousness
Famous American theologian whose sermons and writings stimulated the Great Awakening
French and Indian War
War fought by French and English (both aided by Indians) on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley; English defeated French in 1763
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which interest in religion grew and a number of new Protestant churches were established
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s between New England, Africa, and the West Indies involving the trade of slaves for molasses for rum
House of Burgesses
The first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, set up by England to make laws and levy taxes; England could veto its legislative acts
Laws that governed trade between England and its colonies; required colonists to ship certain products exclusively to England; colonists forbidden from trading with other countries
Document drafted in 1620 prior to settlement of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay that declared majority rule and a government in the best interest of all members of the colony; set the precedent for later documents outlining commonwealth rule
Quaker who founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and free from religious persecution
Economic system to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests, often including exporting more than importing
Founded by the Dutch
Year Jamestown was settled
Locke believed that natural rights were inalienable, and that the rule of God therefore superseded government authority
Social contract theory
written by John Locke and said, legitimate government is instituted by the explicit consent of those governed. Used by Thomas Jefferson in the Delaration of Independence.
In the 1850s technological innovations led to
a change in production from cottage-based industry to factory-based.
Second Continental Congress
was a convention of delegates from the thirteen colonies that started meeting in Philadelphia soon after warfare in the American Revolutionary War had begun. It adoped the Declaration of Indepenence on July 4, 1776.
French and Indian War
war was fought primarily between the colonies of Great British and France on US soil, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries. They declared war on each other in 1756. In the same year, the war escalated from a regional affair into a world-wide conflict known as The Seven Year War. Debt from this war caused the British to tax the colonists.
what the colonists called the strict laws passed by British Parliament in response to the Boston Tea Party.
invented the assembly line and changed the way that goods were manufactured.
invented interchangeable parts and changed the way American factories operated.
Reasons for English colonization of the Americas
free or cheap land
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
It was a written constitution and is considered the first in the colonies.
a long and distinct period of history with a particular feature or characteristic. Such as: Exploration, Colonization, Jacksonian, Reconstruction
was a political party active in the early 19th century in the United States was formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party.
Henry led the opposition to the Stamp Act of 1765 and is remembered for his "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" speech. Henry was a leader of the anti-federalists in Virginia.
a member of a former political party in the United States that favored a strong centralized federal government
a movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government and which later opposed the ratification of the Constitution of 1787.
Federalist, the founder of the nation's financial system (national bank) and was opposed by the Democratic-Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Killed in a duel by Aaron Burr.
was a tax protest by farmers who used their leftover grain and corn in the form of whiskey as a medium of exchange were forced to pay a new tax. It demonstrated that the new national government had the willingness and ability to suppress violent resistance to its laws.
Alien and Sedition Acts
were controversial legislation of President John Adams' administration restricted citizens from criticizing the government.
an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 it set the House to be proportional represented by state population and Senate would have two representatives.
compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives.
Treaty of Paris
end of the American Revolutionary War and recognized the 13 colonies as independent states.
place where Washington took his troops to train them into a more professional army. They suffered through starvation and frostbite. Those who remained, came out a dedicated, united fighting force that was able to turn the tide of the war the next year.
a period of intellectual advancement promoted representative government which culminated in the American Revolution.
abolished slavery in the United States and provides that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.".
granted citizenship and equal civil and legal rights to African Americans including them under the umbrella phrase "all persons born or naturalized in the United States."
prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous servitude".
bought from Mexico by the United States in 1853
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexico recognizes Texas as part of the United States.
The Rio Grande is made the border between Mexico and the United States.
Mexico cedes territory that is now part of 7 present-day states.
In 1862, the United States government promised 160 acres on the western frontier to any head of household who would develop the property and live on it continuously for five years.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
It provided procedures for establishing territories and creating states.
Indian Removal Act
An 1830 law passed through Congress by President Andrew Jackson that would eventually cause the forced displacement of Native Americans from their lands in the American Southeast into reservations west of the Mississippi.
President James Monroe stated that any further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention (war) and became US policy.
War of 1812
During James Madison's presidency, the United States fought England in the War of 1812. Although England's practice of kidnapping American sailors was a key factor, one hidden motivation for Americans to fight was the ability to expand north into Canada and west into Indian lands.
president of the Confederate States of America.
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