23 terms

APUSH Unit 3 Women

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1607-1776 Women legally dead
Women had little rights during this time period. Some considered them dead because of their little role is society. Women is Chesapeake and New England colonies had no role in government and were trusted to raise family
1776-1820 education improves during Young Republic
Northern states began to use tax money to support public schools. schooling for girls improved, because Americans concluded that mothers would have to be properly educated if they were to instruct their children rightly. Northern states opened public schools for boys and girls.
1820-1860 Cult of True Womanhood
sought to assert that womanly virtue resided in piety, purity, submissiveness and domesticity.
Abolitionist Crusade
Movement to eradicate slavery during the 1830s. Women were very active in this cause due to their sympathy for those with inferior rights.
1848 Seneca Falls Declaration
a declaration written at the first women's rights convention that stated "all men and women are created equal"; it also listed many items that the signers believed were injustices perpetrated by "man" towards women
Late 19th-Early 20th century women's suffrage movement
The women's suffrage movement took place in the United States from the latter half of the 19th century up until the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, which put into law women's right to vote. Also thought to be the "first wave" of American feminism, the suffrage movement arguably began with the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848, which issued a Declaration of Sentiments that called for the equal rights of men and women before the law. Suffragettes, as they were often called, were variously led by such figures as Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Alice Paul, and Carrie Chapman Catt.
1903/1911
Marie Cure won Nobel Prize for Chemistry/Physics.
1920 19th Amendment
19th Amendment gives all women - black/white - the right to vote in Federal elections
1923 Equal Rights Amendment
Supported by the National Organization for Women, this amendment would prevent all gender-based discrimination practices. However, it never passed the ratification process.
1930s-1940s Eleanor Roosevelt
huge advocate for women's rights, president's wife
1933-1945 Frances Perkins
(born Fanny Coralie Perkins, lived April 10, 1882 - May 14, 1965) was the U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet. As a loyal supporter of her friend Franklin D. Roosevelt, she helped pull the labor movement into the New Deal coalition
1941-1945 Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
1955-1968 Women in Civil Rights' movement
Rosa Parks, Autherine Lucy, Linda Brown, are all examples of active participants of the Civil Rights movement.
1963 Beginnings of women's movement
beginnings of women's movement, (1963) Name of the book by Betty Friedan that discussed the frustration of many women in the 1950's and 1960's who felt they were restricted to their roles of mother and homemaker.
Feminine Mystique
a book written by Betty Friedan. According to The New York Times obituary of Friedan in 2006, it "ignited the contemporary women's movement in 1963 and as a result permanently transformed the social fabric of the United States and countries around the world" and "is widely regarded as one of the most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century".
1964 Civil Rights Act
This act prohibited Discrimination because of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin by employers or labor unions; The adoption by voting registrars of different standards for black and white applicants; and Racial or religious discrimination in public accommodations.
NOW
National Organization of Women, 1966, Betty Friedan first president, wanted Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforce its legal mandate to end sex discrimination
Split in movement
Aggressive tactics led by Alice Paul hurt the movement.
(hunger strikes and Jail time)
1970s
1972 Title IX
"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance..."
Sandra O'Connor
A Supreme Court Justice that attended Stanford University at 16 to study law and graduated third in her class in 1952. However, she had difficulty finding private work, and had to find work in a government law office. Meeting with success, she later married and opened her own practice. She went on to serve in several more positions in government, including assistant attorney general, state senator, and court judge. After being appointed to the state appeals court, Reagan gave her a position in the Supreme Court in 1981.
1983 Sally Ride
first woman in space
Geraldine Ferraro
In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.
Madeline Albright
(1996)
Who? She was the first woman to be Secretary of State.
Where? U.S.
Why? Bill Clinton appointed her.