Lighting

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Artificial Lighting
Most interior scenes are naturally too dark to generate a clear, discernible film image, requiring the use of this
Hard Lighting
it creates stark shadows and lines of contrast
Soft Lighting
it creates a diffuse illumination
Lighting Intensity
Hard and Soft Lighting
Natural vs. Artificial Lighting
Realist directors often avoid the use of artificial lights and choose instead to really on natural light that more closely approximates reality
Lighting setups
Includes key light, fill light, 3 points light, etc.
Key Light
The principal light illuminating the scene
Fill Light
Often used to cover the shadows created by the key light
Three-point lighting
Used in order to light a scene evenly
High Key Lighting
minimizes the contrast between darker and brighter parts of the image
Low Key Lighting
creates a chiaroscuro effect with dark shadows and contrasts
Lighting Direction
creates an array of effects by manipulating the size and directions of shadows
Frontal Lighting
Eliminates shadows
Side Lighting
Accentuates features (of the face, for instance)
Backlighting
Creates silhouettes
Top Lighting
Creates a benevolent "halo" effect
Underlighting
makes a figure look sinister or even horrific
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