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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
APUSH Period 3 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (46)
Seven Years War
French and Indian War lasted from 1754-1763
Albany Plan of Union
A plan by Ben Franklin to promote unity within the thirteen colonies concerning the French and Indian War and to discuss how to keep Natives loyal to the British in the war against the French
A seventeenth-century English philosopher. Locke argued the belief that human beings with certain ideas already in their mind. He claimed that, on the contrary, the mind is tabula rasa (blank slate) until experience begins to "write on it". In his political writings, Locke attacked the divine rights of kings and argued that governments depend on the consent of the governed.
was a lawyer before the war. In 1774 he represented Virginia in the First Continental Congress. In March 1775, he gave his famous speech "Give me Liberty, or Give Me Death".
Stamp Act Congress
The Stamp Act Congress or First Congress of the American Colonies was a meeting held between October 7 and 25, 1765 in New York City, consisting of representatives from some of the British colonies in North America; it was the first gathering of elected representatives from several of the American colonies to devise a unified protest against new British taxation.
First Continental Congress
The First Continental Congress took place from September 5th to October 26, 1774 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Only 12 of the 13 colonies attended this congress; Georgia was the only colony not in attendance. It was more of a consultative group instead of a legislature. This congress was called in response to the "Intolerable Acts" and topics about the struggles colonies had because of these acts were discussed.
Sons of Liberty
Patriotic groups that played an important role in agitating against that Stamp Act and enforcing non-importation agreements.
A political leader of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries; one of the Founding Fathers. Adams was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He was the second president, from 1797 to 1801, after George Washington. Also defended the British soldiers in the Boston Massacre
Second Continental Congress
A congress that met on May 10, 1775. At this continental congress there were representatives from all 13 colonies, and they discussed and agreed to keep fighting the war against the British.
1765-1783; colonists (called Patriots) resisted British aristocracy and monarchy as well as British taxes, because they wanted to continue to own land and move west; included the overthrowing of King George; began after French-Indian War and included the Boston Tea Party; United States of America formed
Declaration of Independece
- (July 4, 1776): Formal pronouncement of independence drafted by Thomas Jefferson and approved by Congress. The declaration allowed Americans to appeal for foreign aid and served as an inspiration for later revolutionary movements worldwide.
founding father, primary author of the declaration of independence, second VP under john Adams, the third president, fought for democracy, republicanism, and rights
One of the founding fathers of America; He was an American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757), he entered politics and played a major part in the American Revolution. Franklin negotiated French support for the colonists, signed the Treaty of Paris (1783), and helped draft the Constitution (1787-1789). His numerous scientific and practical innovations include the lightning rod, bifocal spectacles, and a stove.
Thomas Paine/ Common Sense/ The Crisis
the crisis is a collection of works by Thomas Paine in the Revolutionary war- argued for independence despite the all the crisis. In 1776 he wrote Common Sense that argued for independence from england
Articles of Confederation
Written shortly before the declaration of independence, it was final draft of the written constitution for a new nation. The articles were adopted by Congress in 1777 however, they were not ratified by all 13 states until 1781.
Supreme law of the United States. A body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed
Bill of Rights
A popular term for the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The amendments secure key rights for individuals and reserve to the states all powers not explicitly delegated or prohibited by the Constitution.
1787, the ordinance that created the northwest territory: lands beyond the Appalachian Mountains, between British North America and the Great Lakes to the north and the Ohio River to the south. The upper Mississippi River formed the Territory's western boundary.
all the land of the United States west of Pennsylvania and northwest of the Ohio River. It covered all of the modern states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin, as well as the northeastern part of Minnesota.
Washington's Farewell Address
Republican Motherhood (not the political party)
A movement in which women used their superiority in the household setting to teach their children the importance of civic duty and national freedom.
The political and national ideal of extreme passion and love for one's own nation.
series of protests in 1786-1787 by American farmers against state/local tax enforcement and judgement of state
The U.S. Constitution established America's national government and fundamental laws, and guaranteed certain basic rights for its citizens. It was signed on September 17, 1787, by delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, presided over by George Washington.
also known as Randolph's Plan; proposal by Virginia delegates that called for a legislative branch with two chambers (bicameral legislature); drafted by James Madison
New Jersey Plan
A plan that called for equal representation in a one-house Congress for all states, disregarding size and population (under Articles of Confederation), as opposed to Virginia Plan
Great Compromise/ Connecticut Compromise
an agreement the large and small states came up with that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have
Three- Fifths Compromise
Was a compromise reached between delegates from southern states and those from northern states during the 1787 United States Constitutional Convention.
founding fathers established it in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens. Consists of the selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice President, and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress.
judicial review the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
The procedure in which colonists were asked to vote and approve various constitutions that were proposed before they went to final approval.
Advocators of the 1787 Constitution, they prefered a strong national government arguing that the checks and balances in the new Constitution would safeguard the people's liberties
a person who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1789 and thereafter allied with Thomas Jefferson's Antifederal Party, which opposed extension of the powers of the federal Government.
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the constitution, adopted by the states in 1791.
is a collection of 85 articles and essays written (under the pseudonym Publius) by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution.
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
founding father, interpreter, and promoter of the constitution, founder of nation's financial system, founded the federalist party, the coast guard, and the new york post; opposed by Jefferson and the republican party
Began in 1789 with some nonviolent restrictions on King Louis XVI, but became more hostile in 1792 when France declared war on Austria. Seeking help from America, the French pointed to the Franco-American alliance of 1778. Not wanting to get involved for fear of damage to the trade business, Washington issued the Neutrality Proclamation, which led to America remaining neutral.
your political party is your group of people who have similar politcal opinions and in this case whether you should fight for independence or not
Preferred a weak central regime. They believed that the best government is the one that governed the least. Also argued that the majority of the power should be held by the states, this enabled people to keep a more vigilant eye on public servants. The Jeffersonian Republicans also were against special treatment of certain social classes and were primarily agrarians.
First tax on a domestically made product by the federal government. Happened in western Pennsylvania in 1794. Pioneers saw Hamilton's high excise tax which bore hard on them as saw the tax as a burden on an economic necessity. Built whiskey poles and feathered and tarred revenue officers.
Negotiated by Chief Justice John Jay in an effort to avoid war with Britain, the treaty included a British promise to evacuate outposts on U.S. soil and pay damages for seized American vessels, in exchange for which Jay bound the United States to repay pre-Revolutionary war debts and to abide by Britain's restrictive trading policies toward France.
political episode in 1797 where a conflict between the United States and the Republican France, resulted in the (undeclared) Quasi-war.
Alien and Sedition Acts
passed by the Federalist Congress in 1798 and signed into law by President Adams. These laws included new powers to deport foreigners as well as making it harder for new immigrants to vote.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolves (Resolutions)
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions (or Resolves) were political statements drafted in 1798 and 1799, in which the Kentucky and Virginia legislatures took the position that the federal Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional.
Bank of the United States
Initiated by Alexander Hamilton, the Bank of the United States helped stabilize businesses and improve national credit following the formation of the United States government.
Recommended textbook explanations
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century (California Edition)
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United States History: Beginnings to 1877
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Discovering Our Past: A History of the United States
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