EdPsych - Chap 2
Terms in this set (10)
Most developmental theorists agree that:
Developmental milestones appear in a consistent sequence for most children
In the human brain, a great deal of synaptic pruning occurs in early childhood. This pruning appears to be:
An adaptive process that allows children to deal more efficiently with typical tasks in their environment
Which one of the following statements best describes Piaget's view of how children acquire knowledge about the world?
Children actively construct their own view of the world from their experiences with the environment.
Which one of the following best describes Piaget's notion of equilibration?
A child revises existing schemes to incorporate new information
One thing that children in Piaget's formal operations stage can do, but children in the concrete operations stage cannot do, is:
Reason logically about strictly hypothetical situations
Central to Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development is the idea that children increasingly make better sense of their world
By interacting with more experienced people who mediate their understandings
The number and size of the brain's nerve endings continue to grow at least until an individual reaches what age?
Myelination in areas of the brain that are important in focusing attention is not complete until an individual reaches approximately which age?
Which of the following best describes an example of scaffolding as used by a teacher when assisting a child?
The teacher begins with direct instruction but gradually reduces the amount of guidance given
Language is highly ordered and organized according to which systems of rules?
Phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics
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