APUSH Unit 3
Terms in this set (22)
1607-1776 Women Legally Dead
Women had little rights during this time period. Some considered them dead because of their little role is society. Women is Chesapeake and New England colonies had no role in government and were trusted to raise family
1776-1820 Education Improves During the Young Republic
Northern states began to use tax money to support public schools. schooling for girls improved, because Americans concluded that mothers would have to be properly educated if they were to instruct their children rightly. Northern states opened public schools for boys and girls.
1820-1860 Cult of True Womanhood
the ideal woman was seen as a tender, self-sacrificing caregiver who provided a nest for her children and a peaceful refuge for her husband, social customs that restricted women to caring for the house
1830s Women Active in Abolitionist Crusade
Movement to eradicate slavery during the 1830s. Women were very active in this cause due to their sympathy for those with inferior rights.
1848 Seneca Falls Declaration
a declaration written at the first women's rights convention that stated "all men and women are created equal"; it also listed many items that the signers believed were injustices perpetrated by "man" towards women
Late 19th/ Early 20th Century Women's Suffrage Movement
International Movement of the 1880's, that sought to challenge the legal, political, and economic disabilities towards European and American women. This is historically significant because the women eventually gained the right to vote and the right to hold a job. The extension of enlightenment ideas onto women.
1903/1911 Marie Curie Won Nobel Prize for Physics/Chemistry
Notable female Polish/French chemist and physicist around the turn of the 20th century. Won two nobel prizes. Did pioneering work in radioactivity.
1920 19th Amendment
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.
1923 Equal Rights Amendment
constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
1930s-1940s Eleanor Roosevelt
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women
1933-1945 1st Women in Presidential Cabinet- Frances Perkins
Roosevelt's secretary of labor (1993-1945); the first woman to serve as a federal Cabinet officer, she had a great influence on many New Deal programs, most significantly the Social Security Act.
1941-1945 Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
1955-1968 Women Active In Civil Rights Movement
a social movement in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s, in which people organized to demand equal rights for African Americans and other minorities. People worked together to change unfair laws. They gave speeches, marched in the streets, and participated in boycotts.
1963 Feminine Mystique and Beginnings of Women's Movement
Name of the book by Betty Friedan that discussed the frustration of many women in the 1950's and 1960's who felt they were restricted to their roles of mother and homemaker.
1964 Civil Rights Act
LBJ passed this in 1964. Prohibited discrimination of African Americans in employement, voting, or public accomidations. Also said there could be no discrimination against race, color, sex, religion, or national origin.
National organization for women- largest feminist organization in US
1970s Split in Movement
involved with the women's movement, the peace movement, the civil rights movement.
1972 Title IX
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance
1981 Sandra O'Conner First Woman Appointed to US Supreme Court
One of the three conservative-minded justices appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by Reagan. When she was sworn in on September 25, 1981, she became the first woman to ascend to the high bench in the Court's nearly two-hundred-year history.
1983 Sally Ride 1st Woman in Space
1st and youngest U.S. woman in space; June, 1983
1984 Geraldine Ferraro 1st Woman to Run As VP Candidate
In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.
1997 Madeleine Albright 1st Woman to Serve as Secretary of State
(3rd Hights Ranking Government Position), first woman to become United States Secretary of State. She was nominated by President Bill Clinton on December 5, 1996 and was unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate 99-0. She was sworn in on January 23, 1997.