Houghton Mifflin Social Studies Grade 5 Ch. 2
Chapter 2: The First Americans
Terms in this set (49)
Farming, or growing plants
A group of people living together who have systems of government, religion, and culture.
The Spanish word for town.
A huge, thick sheet of slowly moving ice.
A movement from one region to another.
What was Beringia?
Beringia was a land bridge that formed between Alaska and Asia. It allowed for the migration of Paleo-Indians and animals.
Who migrated over Beringia and became known as the first Americans?
The Paleo-Indians migrated over Beringia.
How did the Paleo-Indians survive in the US?
Paleo-Indians lived by hunting large animals.
How did agriculture affect the Paleo-Indians?
Agriculture allowed them to feed themselves. The Indians began staying in one place to care for their plants. Populations grew and people built villages and cities. These changes were all part of the growth of civilization.
The first civilizations in North America were the Adena, the Hopewell, and the Mississippians. What did these groups have in common?
These three civilizations are all called Mound Builders.
The Ancient Pueblo lived in what US region?
The Ancient Pueblo built?
They built their homes on the sides of cliffs. They became known as Cliff Dwellers.
The Ancient Pueblo built underground rooms called _____________.
Which civilization ruled in central Mexico for 200 years?
The Aztecs built large _____________ for religious cermonies.
a group of related families.
What Native American group lived in the Pacific Northwest?
The Tlingit relied on what 2 natural resources?
salmon and cedar wood
The Tlingit built large structures called ____________ to represent their family history.
The Tlingit would celebrate an important event by holding a large feast called a _______.
The Tlingit stayed warm by making clothing and blankets from what?
Clay used with straw to build homes in the southwest where trees are scarce.
A small plateau with steep sides and a flat top.
Why were homes built on mesas?
to help protect them from attack by other people.
Climate of Southwest
dry, not much rain, desert
The southwest is made up of what states today?
Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Utah, Colorado, Nevada, California and Texas
How did the southwest Indians solve the problem of having little water?
They built irrigation ditches to move water from streams and rivers to their crops.
Who were the Hopi Indians?
They're the oldest Indian group in the southwest. They began living in present-day Arizona before 1350. They lived in villages that were governed by a single leader.
Corn was the staple, or main crop that was used for food.
Where did the term Pueblo Indians come from?
The Hopi were called this because of the large apartment like buildings they built.
What was the importance of the Hopi "Bean Dance"?
The bean dance is a Hopi ceremony where they danced and prayed for a good harvest (crop).
What resources did the Hopi use?
They used coal to fire pottery, made it stronger. Clay was used to make containers for food and water. Stone, sticks and clay were used to build Pueblos (buildings)
What was at the center of Southwest Indian customs?
Religion. They held many ceremonies such as the bean dance. Ceremonies are special events where people gather to express important beliefs.
Describe the Hopi Today.
They still follow many of cultural traditions, dances and ceremonies. They hold local jobs with companies.
Many are skilled potters.
The Hopi used irrigation to grow?
beans, squash, and corn. Corn was part of every meal.
What was the most important natural resource for the people of the Western plains?
People on the western plains lived as ________.
People of the western plains lived in houses called __________.
What Western plains Indian group migrated south and was known as the "lords of the Southern Plains" for their wealth and strength
How was wealth measured by the Comanche?
by how many horses people had
How did people of the Eastern Plains get their food?
They farmed and hunted buffalo.
People of the Eastern Plains lived homes that were made out of what?
bark, earth, and grass
How did the People of the Eastern Woodlands get food?
They grew crops and hunted deer, rabbits, and bears.
What was unique about the homes built by the Indians in the southern part of the Eastern Woodlands?
The homes had no walls.
Native Americans in the northern part of the Eastern Woodlands built homes called _______________ built from poles and bark.
A group of 5 nations who lived in what is now New York State joined together to form what group?
the Haudenosaunee League
Who chose the chiefs for the Haudenosaunee League?
the clan mothers
Woodland Indians greatly valued ____________, a belt made from cut seashells used as beeds, as a trading item.
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