22 terms

Theme 3: Struggle for Equality- Women

Struggle for Equality- Women
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Terms in this set (...)

1607-1776 Women legally dead
Women had no say in politics or religion, with men dominanting society. They had little rights whatsoever. Essentially, they didn't exist outside the household, meaning they considered legally dead.
1776-1820 education improves during the Young Republic
Education became more important in society (better generation), so public education improved. Education also improved for women so they could become good mothers, with private academies for well-to-do families.
1820-1860 Cult of True Womanhood
the ideal woman was seen as a tender, self-sacrificing caregiver who provided a nest for her children and a peaceful refuge for her husband, social customs that restricted women to caring for the house
1830s women active in Abolitionist Crusade
Women became active in the abolitionist movement, writing essays and signing petitions. This led to the women's rights movement.
1848 Seneca Falls Declaration
A declaration written at the first women's rights convention that stated "all men and women are created equal"; it also listed many items that the signers believed were injustices perpetrated by "man" towards women
Late 19th-early 20th century women's suffrage movement
The women's suffrage movement took place in the United States from the latter half of the 19th century up until the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, which put into law women's right to vote. Thought to be the "first wave" of American feminism, the suffrage movement arguably began with the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848, which issued a Declaration of Sentiments that called for the equal rights of men and women before the law. Led by figures such as Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Alice Paul, and Carrie Chapman Catt.
1903/1911 Marie Curie won Nobel Prize
For Physics/Chemistry,1903/1911- first women to win the prize-won two
1920 19th Amendment
gave women the right to vote
1923 Equal Rights Amendment
Supported by the National Organization for Women, this amendment would prevent all gender-based discrimination practices. However, it never passed the ratification process.
1930s-1940s Eleanor Roosevelt
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women
1933-1945 Frances Perkins
Roosevelt's secretary of labor (1933-1945); the first woman to serve as a federal Cabinet officer, she had a great influence on many New Deal programs, most significantly the Social Security Act.
1941-1945 Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
1955-1968 women active in Civil Rights movement
Women also played a part in the civil rights movement, which in turn helped the women's rights movement. Rosa Parks, Autherine Lucy, Linda Brown
1963 Feminine Mystique
Name of the book by Betty Friedan that discussed the frustration of many women in the 1950's and 1960's who felt they were restricted to their roles of mother and homemaker.
1964 Civil Rights Act
LBJ passed this in 1964. Prohibited discrimination of African Americans in employement, voting, or public accomidations. Also said there could be no discrimination against race, color, sex, religion, or national origin.
1966 NOW
National Organization for Women; formed in 1966 to promote the full participation of women in American society
1970s split in movement
involved with the women's movement, the peace movement, the civil rights movement.
1972 Title IX
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance
1981 Sandra O'Connor
first woman supreme court justice. appointed by Reagan
1983 Sally Ride
1st woman in space
1984 Geraldine Ferraro
1st woman to run as vice presidential candidate. Ran with Walter Mondale
1997 Madeleine Albright
1st woman to serve as Secretary of State (3rd highest ranking government position)