U.S. History High School EOC Exam Study Guide

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This content is align with the Florida State Standards for the End of Course Exam for US History.

Causes of the Civil War

• Slavery

• States' rights

• Territorial claims

• Abolitionist movement

• Regional differences

Consequences of the Civil War

• Reconstruction

• Thirteenth Amendment

• Fourteenth Amendment

• Fifteenth Amendment

Andrew Johnson

17th President of the United States; he was elected Vice President and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated

Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America

Frederick Douglass

United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North (1817-1895)

Ulysses S. Grant

an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.

Robert E. Lee

Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force

William T. Sherman

general whose march to sea caused destruction to the south, union general, led march to destroy all supplies and resources, beginning of total warfare

Harriet Tubman

United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)

Sojourner Truth

United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)

Radical Republicans

Political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war

Buffalo Soldiers

Nickname for African-American soldiers who fought in the wars against Native Americans living on the Great Plains during the 1870s

The impeachment of Andrew Johnson

when the Radical Republicans tried Andrew Johnson for impeachment because he wanted to fire Edwin Stanton, the Secretary of War. The Radical Republicans passed a law called the Tenure of Office Act saying that a President cannot fire a worker "just because". President Johnson stayed in office by one vote.

Black Legislators

Many blacks were elected to Federal offices after the Civil War

White Extremist Groups


-Knights of the White Camellia

-The White League

-Red Shirts

-Pale Faces

13th Amendment

abolished slavery in the U.S. in 1865

14th Amendment

Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws regardless of race

15th Amendment

Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude


the right to vote

Jim Crow Laws

The "separate but equal" segregation laws state and local laws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965

Black Codes

Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves


a system used on southern farms after the civil war in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.

Effects of Reconstruction on Native Americans

• Westward expansion
• Reservation system
• The Dawes Act
• Indian Schools
• Government involvement in the killing of the buffalo
• Wounded Knee Massacre
• Sand Creek Massacre
• Battle of Little Big Horn

Westward expansion

territorial acquisitions as settlers began moving westward beyond the Appalachian Mountains

Reservation system

introduced in 1870, forced nations to live on barren land, it confined people so they could not support themselves in their accustomed way. It has left to the institutional of this enforced segregation.

Indian Schools

These places were created in order to forcibly assimilate Indian children to white culture. They cut their hair, converted them to Christianity, forced them to change their language and used various other ways to make Indian children act like white Americans.

The Dawes Act

Passed by Congress in 1887. Its purpose was to Americanize the Native Americans. The act broke up the reservations, gave some of the land to Native Americans.

Wounded Knee Massacre

In December 1890, Army troops captured some of Sitting Bull's followers and took them to a camp. 300 Sioux men, women, and children were killed

Sand Creek Massacre

an attack on a village of sleeping Cheyenne Indians by a regiment of Colorado militiamen on 29 November 1864 that resulted in the death of more than 200 tribal members

Battle of Little Big Horn

Sioux leader Sitting Bull led the fight against general George Custer and the 7th cavalry. The Sioux wanted miners out of the black hills, and had appealed to government officials in Washington to stop the miners. Washington doesn't listen. When Custer came to Little Bighorn rivers Sitting Bull and his warriors were ready and killed them all!

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