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Chapter 1: Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare
Terms in this set (58)
The concept that all citizens should be treated equally and have equal access to resources
Social Work definition:
The professional activity of helping individuals, groups, or communities enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and creating societal conditions favorable to this goal.
A nation's system of programs, benefits, and services that help people meet those social, economic, educational, and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society.
Focus on the questioning of beliefs, statements, assumptions, lines of reasoning, actions, and experiences.
Conceives of social welfare as focusing on problems and gaps. Social welfare benefits and services should be supplied only when people fail to provide adequately from themselves and problems arise. The implication is that it's people's own fault if they require outside help
Views people's needs as a normal part of life. Society has a responsibility to support its members and provide needed benefits and services. It's not people's fault that they require such services, but rather it is an expected part of the human condition.
Seeks to identify social interventions that have a positive impact on economic development. It presume that people living today in our complex world may require help and resources in order to function effectively and support themselves.
The relatively coherent system of ideas (beliefs, traditions, principles, and myths) about human nature, institutional arrangements, and social processes that indicate how a government should be run and what principles that government should support.
Involves development that meets the current needs of the present generations without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
The philosophy that individuals are responsible for themselves, government should provide minimal interference in people's lives, and change does not necessarily mean improvement.
The philosophy that government should be involved in the social, political, and economic structure so that all people's rights and privileges are protected in the name of social justice.
The philosophy that the social and political system as it stands is not structurally capable of truly providing social justice. Rather, drastic, fundamental changes are necessary in the basic social and political structure to achieve truly fair and equal treatment.
Involves actively intervening to help clients get what they need. Most frequently, this intervention focuses on "the relationship between the client and an unresponsive 'system'".
A theoretical approach characterized by four major features: The focus is on the individual having something wrong such as an illness, little attention is paid to factors outside the individual and their environment, the individual and not their environment is the target of change, the problem or illness is identified or diagnosed and categorized by placing a label on it. Finally, the individual is the target of treatment that usually involves a series of clinical treatments.
Ecosystems Theory (environment-oriented)
A theoretical approach in which the focus is on the individual and the environment.
Focus on the dynamics among and interactions of people in their encironment.
A System is:
A set of elements that are orderly and interrelated to make a functional whole.
A Micro System consists of:
A family is:
In-between micro and mezzo
A Mezzo system is:
A Macro system:
Includes organizations and communities.
Target System or Target of Change is:
The system that social workers need to "change or influence in order to accomplish [their] goals.
May be individuals, families, formal groups, administrators, or policy makers.
Any individual, family, group, organization, or community that will ultimately benefit from social work intervention.
Includes the conditions, circumstances, and interactions that encompass human beings.
Partnership (with clients)
The making and implementing of plans together
Measurable behaviors that reflect social workers' acquisition of required knowledge, skills, and values so that they can demonstrate effective social work practice.
The 9 Competencies of Social Work:
1. Demonstrate Ethical and Professional Behavior
2. Engage Diversity and Difference in Practice
3.Advance Human Rights and Social, Economic, and Environmental Justice
4. Engage in Practice-Informed Research and Research-Informed Practice
5. Engage in Policy Practice
6. Engage with individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities
7. Assess Individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities
8. Intervene with individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities
9. Evaluate practice with individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities.
Involve the premise that all people, regardless of race, culture, or national origin, are entitles to basic rights and treatment.
The distribution of resources in a fair and equitable manner
The fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environment laws, regulations, and policies.
Populations at Risk
Groups of people with some identifies characteristics who are at greater risk of social and economic deprivation than those in the mainstream.
The process of increasing personal, interpersonal, or political power so that individuals can take actions to improve their life situations.
Understanding research techniques and being able to apply them in practice
The conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of clients
Social Welfare Policies
Laws and regulations that govern which social welfare programs exists, what categories of clients are served, and who qualifies for a given program.
Standards adopted by individual organizations and programs that provide services
Efforts to change policies in legislative, agency, and community settings, whether by establishing new policies, improving existing ones, or defeating the policy initiatives of other people.
The Initial period when practitioners orient themselves to the problem at hand and begin to establish communication and relationships with others also addressing the problem.
The investigation and determination of variables affecting an identifies problem including the client system's needs and strengths.
the planning and implementation of a strategy to solve the problem and achieve goals.
The process of determining the extent to which a given intervention was effective in achieving its goals
The application of an eclectic knowledge base, professional values, and a wife range of skills to target any size system for change within the context of four primary processes.
Barker describes ______ as a nation's system of programs, benefits, and services that help people meet those social, economic, educational, and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society.
The _______ perspective of social welfare focuses on problems and gaps
_____ emphasizes the study of behavior and cognitive processing.
Families lie somewhere between _____ systems.
Micro and Mezzo
Organizations and communities are considered _____ systems.
The ______ system is the system that social workers need to change or influence in order
to accomplish their goals.
_____ refers to the idea that in a perfect world all citizens would have identical rights,
protection, opportunities, obligations, and social benefits.
_____ refers to groups of people with some identified characteristics who have a greater
chance of being subjected to social and economic deprivation than those in the
NASW stands for Nurturance and Acceptance in Social Work.
False (National association of Social Workers)
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families is an example of a developmental perspective
of social welfare.
False (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families is an example of a residual perspective)
Baccalaureate social workers are required to complete a maximum of 200 hours of field
experience supervised by a social work practitioner.
False (BSWs are required to do 400 hours)
The realm of psychotherapy is generally limited to MSWs instead of BSWs.
The Academy of Social Workers is the organization that accredits social work programs and specifies required content.
False (The organization that accredits social work programs is called Council for Social Work Education or CSWE)
Empowerment is the process of increasing personal, interpersonal, or political power so
that individuals can take action to improve their life situations.
Social welfare policies regulate what categories of clients are served and who qualifies for a given program.
The social environment includes family, friends, work groups, and political systems.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 3: Empowerment and Human Diversity
Chapter 4: The Process of Generalist Practice
CH2- History of Social Work and Social Welfare
Chapter 3 introduction to Social Work and Welfare.
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