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Mohammed Chapter 6
Terms in this set (32)
Private opinion becomes public opinion when
it concerns public issues and is publicly expressed.
The response given in late September 2001 to the question, "Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his job as president" is an example of
Children as young as _____ will express political views even when they are not mature enough to understand very much about political institutions.
5-6 years old
Determining which public-policy questions will be debated or considered is known as
Which of the following statements is true?
a) The more formal education a person receives, the more likely it is that he or she will be interested in politics.
b) The more formal education a person receives, the more likely he or she will be confident in his or her ability to understand political issues.
c) Education is closely linked to political participation.
d) The more formal education a person receives, the more likely they will be an active participant in the political process.
e) All of the above are true. (Correct Answer)
The difference between the percentage of women who vote for a particular candidate and the percentage of men who vote for the candidate is called
the gender gap.
All of the following statements are true except
a) overall, Hispanics have favored the Democrats.
b) Cuban Americans are more likely to support Republicans than Democrats.
c) Asian American groups have usually leaned to the Democrats but often by narrow margins.
d) Muslim Americans of Middle Eastern ancestry tend to be culturally conservative.
e) Most African Americans have supported the Democratic Party since the 1800s.
Which of the following is not true?
a) Jewish voters were notably more liberal than members of other groups on both economic and cultural issues.
b) Persons with no religion are likely to be liberal on social issues but have mixed economic views.
c) Today, Northern Protestants and Catholics do not differ greatly from each other.
d) Today, Southern Protestants and Catholics do not differ greatly from each other.
e) In the late 1800s and early 1900s, Northern Protestants were distinctly more likely to vote Democrat, and Northern Catholics were more likely to vote Republican.
A random sample means that
every person in the target population has an equal chance of being selected.
Usually, the Gallup or Roper polls interview
approximately 1,500 people in a nationwide sample.
Why did the Literary Digest incorrectly predict that Alf Landon would defeat Franklin Roosevelt in the presidential election of 1936?
The Literary Digest only polled its subscribers, who were more affluent than the average American and thus more antagonistic toward Roosevelt's policies.
The answers given by respondents to poll questions are influenced by all of the following except
the natural desire of respondents to become antagonistic toward the person asking the questions.
give respondents misleading information in the questions they are asked in order to persuade them to vote against a candidate.
Public opinion affects the political process
because it is a source of power for elected officials who take positions supported by the people.
In 2006, Gallup reported that the "most important problem" was
the war in Iraq and gas prices.
An examination of polls of other nations around the world reveals that
although much of the world viewed the United States sympathetically after 9/11, it opposed the United States' decision to invade Iraq.
Because there is no one "public," but rather many different publics, surveying public opinion actually means
describing the aggregate of individual attitudes shared by some portion of the adult population.
General agreement among the citizenry on an issue is
Agenda setting is
determining public-policy questions that will be debated or considered.
The transfer of political attitudes and beliefs
is more likely to occur from parents to children.
According to the text, studies suggest that the influence of the parents is due to two factors:
communication and receptivity.
According to the text, which of the following, due to its increase in popularity, is not listed as altering the nature of the media's influence on public opinion?
Which of the following is true?
a) Older Americans tend to be more liberal than younger Americans.
b) Older Americans tend to be less concerned with their economic situations and likely to have grown out of the social values they were taught in their youth.
c) Voters who grew up in the 1930s during the Great Depression are more likely to have formed lifelong attachments to the Republican Party.
d) The 1960s and 1970s, dominated by events such as Vietnam and Watergate, gave rise to widespread cynicism about the government.
e) Based upon the economic prosperity that occurred under Ronald Reagan in the 1980s, many young people chose to identify with the Democratic Party.
Which of the following is true?
a) New voters are much more likely to identify with a party than to consider themselves to be independent.
b) Research shows that party identification has virtually no influence on voting behavior in national elections.
c) Party attachment among American voters has increased dramatically since the middle 1960s.
d) The number of voters who consider themselves to be independent has decreased since the 1950s.
e) Most voters who identify themselves as independent nonetheless acknowledge that they lean toward one party or another.
In opinion polling, the difference between what the sample results show and what the true result would be if everybody had been interviewed is termed
Bias introduced when some portion of the population is not covered by the sample is called
Modern polling was developed
in the 1930s by George Gallup and Elmo Roper.
Respondents are given misleading information in the questions they are asked in order to persuade them to vote against a candidate in
Which of the following is true?
a) Telephone polling began to predominate over in-person polling in the 1940s.
b) Telephone polling remains a popular option even though it is more expensive and takes more time than in-person polling.
c) With the pervasiveness of telemarketing, people have now grown accustomed to being solicited over the telephone and respond well to telephone polling.
d) Those conducting telephone polls have designed technological improvements that allow them to bypass caller ID and other forms of call screening.
e) Cell phone numbers are not included in random digit dialing programs or listed in telephone directories, limiting the ability of telephone polls to reach many people.
The values that shape American political culture include all of the following except
a) personal achievement.
e) government control of the economy.
The degree to which individuals express trust in the government is called
Since the early 1990s the American people have consistently shown more confidence in _____ than any other institution.