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What are the functions of the Vertebrae
to support weight of trunck, protect the spinal cord, and attachment for muscles and ligaments
The Vertebral body of the Thoracic Vertebrae is described how
large, possesses demifacets on their posterior aspect, superior and inferior
Descrive the Pedicles of the Thoracic vertebrae
they are directed almost anteroposteriorly except for t1 and t2
Describe the vertebral notch of a typical vertebrae
it is where the two pedicles and the two laminae unite posteriorly
Describe the vertebral Foramen of the typical vertebrae
it is formed by the body of the pedicles and the laminae
Describe the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae
they are relatively short and extend out laterally
Describe the mammillary processes of the lumbar vertebrae
the posterior portion of the superior atricular processes
Describe the Spinous porcess of the lumbar vertebrae
they are thick and broand and extend our horizontally
__________ of the cervical vertebrae have ywo elements which unite to form the transverse foramen
which vertebrae supports the head and consists of an anterior and posterior arch and has two thick lateral masses, and has no body or spinous porcess
What are the two grooves on the superior surface for
the vertebral arteries and the sub occipital nerve
Whar ar epresent for the articulation with the superior articular processes of the axis
the inferior articular porcesses
The medial surfaces reveal two rounded tubercles for attachment of what
the trans atlantal ligaments
What are large and projected laterally, lacking tubercles but possessing transverse formaina
the transverse processes
The process presents a toothlike process and is the most putstanding feature of this vertebra
the dens or odontoid
The anterior surface of the dens has an oval facet for articulation whith what on the anterior arch of the atlas
the dental facet
The Second cervical vertebrae has a large toothlike process porjecting from it which fits into the arh of C1, the process is called what
the dens or odontoid
Which part of the sacrum is roughly convex and narrower than the anterior or pelvic portion
the posterior surface
What part of the sacrum presents two small projections whichextend down to meet the coccyx called the cornu
The psterior aspect of the base presents two small projections that extend up to meet the sacrum are called what
A prominence on the upper anterior margin of the body of the sacrum is called what
the sacral promontory
THe ring like layer of fibrous and cartilage issue between the articular plates of adjacent vertebrae is what
the annulus fibrosus
THe jont space between the first cervical and condyles of the occipital bone is what
They typical thoracic ertebrae has costal demifacets on each side of the body of the vertbrae for articulatin for which part of the ribs
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