APUSH 1920 terms
Vocab for the 1920's
Terms in this set (45)
What Harding wanted a return to "normalcy" (the way life was before WW I.)
The belief that all individuals, or nearly all individuals, can succeed on their own and that government help for people should be minimal. Popularly said by Herbert Hoover.
Teapot Dome Scandal
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921. The Harding and Coolidge administration became immersed in scandal
Smugglers of illegal alcohol during the Prohibition era
Governor of New York. Lost presidential election to Herbert Hoover. Emphasized his lowly beginnings, identified himself with immigrants, and campaigned as a man of the people.
The Red Scare
a period of time in american history when the government went after "reds" (communists) and others with radical views
A radical, revolutionary movement under the leadership of Lenin which seized power in Russia in 1917. It promoted an anti-capitalist philosophy and supported world revolution and class warfare. Fueled the red scare of 1919.
when companies provide incentives to build better relationships with employees; health insurance, safety standards, buy stock in the company, thus stopping unions from forming.
Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact
A treaty that attempted to outlaw war.The treaty was drafted by France and the United States, and on August 27, 1928, was signed by fifteen nations. By 1933 sixty-five nations had pledged to observe its provisions.
a young woman in the 1920s who wore her hair bobbed, wore makeup, dressed in flashy, skimpy clothes, and lived a life of independence and freedom
a style of dance music popular in the 1920s
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
Born in Chicago middle class. moved to Harlem in 1923 and began playing at the cotton club. Composer, pianist and band leader. Most influential figures in jazz.
Famous African American baseball player in the 1920's; played in the old Negro National League
Was the most famous heavy-weight boxing champion of the 1920s. He helped make boxing a big money sport.
an American amateur golfer, and a lawyer by profession. Jones was the most successful amateur golfer ever to compete on a national and international level. During his peak as a golfer from 1923 to 1930, he dominated top-level amateur competition, and competed very successfully against the world's best professional golfers.
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
The belief that native-born Americans are superior to foreigners
National Origins Act (1924)
in 1924 and 1929, congress imposed even more restrictions on immigrants. in addition, the US completely prohibited immigration from Asia.
Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.
Became president when Harding died. Tried to clean up scandals. Business prospered and people's wealth increased
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
organized a birth-control movement which openly championed the use of contraceptives in the 1920's.
Immigration quota laws
1921: Limited immigration to 3% of number of foreign-born citizens from a given nation counted in 1910 Census. 1924: Set quotas of 2% based on the Census of 1890.
A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.
bars that operated illegally during the time of Prohibition
this movement in literature, painting, and music- swept along by disillusionment with traditions that seemed to have become spiritually empty- called for bold experimentation and a wholesale rejection of traditional themes and styles
a flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American.
African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
Zora Neale Hurston
African American writer and folklore scholar who played a key role in the Harlem Renaissance
African American leader during the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
Universal Negro Improvement Association
Association founded by Marcus Garvey in 1914 to foster African American economic independence and establish an independent black homeland in Africa.
the ban of the manufacture, sale, and transportaion of aloholic beverages in the United States. The 18th amendment, ratified in 1919, established prohibition. It was repealed by the Twenty-first Amendment in 1933
Sacco & Vanzetti
Were two Italian born american laborers and anarchists who were tired convicted on Aug 3 1927 for the 1920 armed robbery. Occurred during the Red Scare
Scopes Monkey Trial
a high school biology teacher was accused of teaching Darwinism in class instead of the biblical account of creation; the trial that pitted the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution against teaching Bible creationism
Fordney - McCumber Tariff
This tariff rose the rates on imported goods in the hopes that domestic manufacturing would prosper. This prevented foreign trade, which hampered the economy since Europe could not pay its debts if it could not trade.
A group of poker-playing, men that were friends of President Warren Harding. Harding appointed them to offices and they used their power to gain money for themselves. They were involved in scandals that ruined Harding's reputation even though he wasn't involved.
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
Andrew " Rube " Foster
Father of Black Baseball, started Negro League
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Was part of both the jazz age and the lost generation. Wrote books encouraging the flapper culture, and books scorning wealthy people being self-centered.
Warren G. Harding
Pres.1921 laissez-faire, little regard for government and presidency. "return to normalcy" after Wilson and his progressive ideals. Office became corrupt: allowed drinking in prohibition, had an affair, surrounded himself with scandal (used office for private gain). Coolidge took over after death
increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money
a movement advocating greater protection of the interests of consumers
Group of writers in 1920s who shared the belief that they were lost in a greedy, materialistic world that lacked moral values and often choose to flee to Europe
Ku Klux Klan
a newly revived KKK, using old intimidation tactics, but targeted immigrants and non-Protestants in general, adopting a more nativist view