literature terms

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Figurative Language
An expression that departs from the accepted literal sense or from the normal order of words, or in which an emphasis is produced by patterns of sound
Alliteration
A repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Simile
A comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles
Personification
A figure of speech in which animals, abstract ideas or inanimate things are referred to as human
Irony
A contrast between what is expected and what actually happens
Pun
A play on the multiple meanings of a word or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings
Onomatopeia
The use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning
Idiom
An expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different from the literal meaning of the words
Analogy
A comparison made between two things to show how they are alike
Metaphor
An imaginative comparison between two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another thing
Symbol
An object, person, or place that stands for something beyond itself
Foreshadowing
A writer provides hints about what will happen next
Flashback
Interruption in the present action of a plot to show events that happened at an earlier time
Theme
The general idea or insight about life that a work of literature reveals (what the author teaches you about life)
Allusion
A reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, the arts, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, or science
Hyperbole
A great exaggeration for the sake of emphasis (a figure of speech) not meant literally
Assonance
The repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in the syllables of neighboring words
Oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines two usually contradictory terms in a compressed paradox
Mood
The overall mood or feeling of a work of literature
Couplet
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
Tone
The attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters, and audience
Imagery
Words or phrases that appeal to the reader's five senses
Repetition
Is the use of any element of language- a word, a sound, a phrase, more than once
Stanza
Like a paragraph in a poem
Line
A line of a poem (different from a sentence)